Is the Iraqi government stabilized?
Hypothesis 1: Iraq has become a stable and well-run region through strong
elected leadership, proper establishment of institutions, and by providing
security to their constituents. Since transitioning from the dictator
o 1990s Uganda launched a massive program to distribute grants to primary
o only 12 percent reached the intended schools
o most schools received nothing!
o Local actors divert resources for political activities
PSC 2337: Development Politics
1957 E, 113
Professor Eric Kramon
Office: 412 Monroe Hall
Office Hours: Monday, 1-3pm
Teaching Assistant: Julian Waller
Office: 1957 E St, Suite 412 (IRES)
Office hours: Wednesd
1. Economic life in poor countries
2. Economic challenges in poor countries
About 50 75% of income on food
Also expenditure on entertainment and social events
The poor spend do not spend all their money on food the p
Health Care in India
o 3-tiered public health system
o average household is 1.5km from a center
thats really close on paper
o high levels of absenteeism
60% of the time, the staff that is supposed to be working simply is not
Wealth 1500 vs. 1995
Log Population Density in 1500 vs. Log GDP per capita 1995
Clear downward trend
Very wealthy back then are now one of the poorest
Reversal of fortune
Why and how did that happen?
Rule of law and institutions have a lot to d
Where have we been
Dimensions of political development
o State, democracy and accountability, rule of law
Rest of the semester
Approaches to development
o State-led development
o Anarchist critique of state-led developmen
As of 1989 how many electoral democracies were there in Africa?
o 5 or less
as of 2005
o 20% or more
Africa in 1989
Only two African countries had held elections in which the government lost power
o They were not fundamental
Only three Africa
Pathways to an Effective State External Actors?
Before 1990, what percentage of African and Asian development bank programs
focused on good government reform?
Less than 10%
o More than 50%
good governance reforms are p
Transitions to democracy in Eastern Europe
Failed transitions and authoritarian resilience in the post soviet space
Mechanisms of authoritarian resilience
o Case study: Russia the autocratic model
o Case study: Ukraine un
Life expectancy 39 years
Urban population 15%
Voter turnout rates 80%
Lots of vote buying and mobilization of voters on basis of ethnic identity
Lots of corruption
President as a child soldier Revolutionary War (Andrew Jackson)
Two ideal types of states
o Patrimonial and neo patrimonial states
o modern states or effective states
What drives the creation of these effective states?
o One can be military competition and external threats
Why would the transformation f
What is the development?
1. how should we define development?
2. dimensions of political development?
3. framework for the next several weeks of class
-UNDP hitting on the topic
long and healthy life
income for dec
Development Challenges Group Project
A group of wealthy philanthropists is seeking to fund projects that help to address governance and
development challenges around the world. Since they are unsure of the best way to
Ended a long military regime
Regime in power for almost 40 years
Ran the place economically to the ground
o Authoritarian regime in power since 1933
o Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, ruler from 1932 to 1968
Central goal of Smiths chapter is to explain.
Why Nigerians dislike corruption but also often willingly engage in corruption
What are the types of corruption that Smith documents in this chapter?
Bureaucratic corruption (OFFICIAL)
5-10 Short Answer/Essays
o Know Power Legitimation!
Social Deposits and Basic Concepts
o No more than a page; could use bullet points
2 Long Essays
o Syllabus Basic Questions
o 1-2 page Essay
Use the same formula as learned in the Briefs
Lecture 3- Religion and Politics
How has religion influenced the political outcomes in the ME?
To what extent and how has it influenced power legitimation?
H1: Religion has been co-opted by the government- the symbolic valu
Lecture 2- Legitimating Power
What is power and why is its legitimation so important to the politics of the
Null: You can buy or coerce resilience when you need it- the organizations
that use their r
26 February, 2014
Political movements, that promote pluralist/democratic forms of government,
have been trying to make a push for more power in the Middle East. Whether it be liberal
concessions made by authoritarian rulers
February 5, 2014
Religious ideals and institutions play an influential role in the political life of the
Middle East. Despite the various religious factions found in the region, all religions have
successfully legitimated t
Lecture 4- Democracy Pluralism and other Limits on Exec. Authority
Why has democracy taken root in only limited states in the ME?
Does it matter?
How and why has this influenced power legitimation?
H1: Legitimacy Can Be Bou
Focused on development of effective states
Theory and examples
Role of external conflict and international conflict, economic development, social
mobilization, role of electoral competition, role of external actors
What are the implications for
Democracy and democratization
Manager, recorder, skeptic
Wealthy person, promote democratization, ethnically diverse, and mostly rural
countries. What should they do?
Invest in fiscal capacity
Ross if you were able
Where do effective governments come from?
External conflict and competition
Social mobilization and electoral competition
External actors? (World Bank? Neoliberal efforts!)
There isnt a balance between rule of law, accountability and state