general psych lecture 1 social psych- the scientic study of how peoples thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are inuenced by other people description- careful reliable observation explantation- development of theories that connect and organize observation an
Adult Personality Set age five Five psychosexual stages ID Energy focused on pleasure Stage one Stage two Stage three Stage four Stage Five Genital stage Adolescence Latency stage Seven > Eleven Sublimation Phallic stage Three > Six Oedipus and Electra co
Analytical Psychology Carl Jung 1875-1961 Childhood unhappy Wooden doll and dreams A dream of a flood in Europe, and in the dream the water turned to blood and a month later war broke out in Germany. He was not a scholar Married and Affair Feud Chose as S
Factious Disorders Mind/Body Connection or interaction Real physical symptoms To get sympathy and attention Munchausens Syndrome- When the person makes themselves sick. They take things to make themselves sick. Munchausens-By-Proxy When you make someone e
Personality Defined: Unique, relatively consistent patterns of thinking, feeling, behaving. No one theory exists Psychoanalytic Sigmund Freud 1856-1939 Hated father/loved mother Chose medicine > research Used cocaine Martha Bernays Wanted to marry her, ga
Psychological Disorders Psychopathology scientific study of causes, symptoms, duration, treatment of psychological disorders -Study of thoughts, behaviors, emotions that deviate from cultural norms and expectations Deviant versus Eccentric Mental Illness
SOCIOLOGY CHEAT SHEET I love you. Kinship System the social organization of the family. Its based on the reciprocal rights and obligations of the different family members such as those between parents and children, grandparents and grandchildren, etc. The
Unconditional Love /Acceptance Given Positive Regard Feel Loved/Valued No Conditions placed on love No need to distort Congruence Ability to actualize
Conditional Positive Regard Conditional positive regard Love = Meeting conditions Distort/Deny Incongrue
Studying Young Children
What mental abilities do children have?
What do infants know? What are they thinking?
A decrease in response to repeated stimulation
Adaptive for learning Relation to IQ in later life
End of Empire/First Republic
- Canudos War
- Economic Evolution/New Political Currents
o Brazilian Empire was terminated by bloodless military coup on
November 15, 1889
Marachal Deodoro da Fonseca was declared President
D. Pedro and royal family uncerem
1. Priest King: stone; sculptures very important to Indus Valley civilization;
elevated states cos of headbands, may have come from Mesopotamia, one
bare shoulder kind of like Buddha
2. Male torso depiction of the nude figure,
3. Figurine of a young woman
Intelligence No Universal Definition - Acquire knowledge - Learn from experience - Ability to Adapt to change David Weschler - The ability to think rationally - The ability to act with a purpose - Be effective in environment Gives us the ability to be eff
Long Term Potentiation -As we try to store things into long term memory, there are changes in the neurons with that specific neuron. The more you use a certain memory it starts functional and structural changes. Structure As you use a given memory the neu
Other types of memory Reintegration Cologne that triggers memories of something a long time ago. A trigger effect of a series of memories. Combining current information with prior knowledge. A retrieval of a prior memory State-Dependent memory An internal
Adolescence and Adulthood
What is Adolescence?
Adolescere: "to grow;" "to grow to maturity" Boundaries of the period
Puberty until. ? What do people this age say?
Scheer, Unger, and Brown, 1996
What is Adolescence?
Early (11-14); Middle
States of Consciousness
Processing of Information
Serial Relatively slow Voluntary acts Problem solving Communication
Familiar tasks performed automatically Register stimuli rapidly Parallel p
Classical conditioning Operant conditioning
Observational learning/social learning theory
Learning to associate one stimulus with another.
Acquiring the information
Maintenance/consolidation Could be passive or active (e.g. strategies like rehearsal, chunking, elaboration)
Thinking and Language - 1
Thinking involves a number of mental activities, which are listed below. Cognitive psychologists study these in great detail.
Concepts Problem solving Decision making Judgment formation
Language transmits culture
Basic sounds (about 40) . ea, sh. Smallest meaningful units (100,000) . un, for.
Meaningful units (290,500) . meat, pumpkin.
Composed of two or more words (3
What is Intelligence?
Intelligence (in all cultures) is the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use our knowledge to adapt to new situations.
Controversies About Intelligence
Despite general agreement among psychologi
Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity
Genetics - A History
Characteristics are transmitted from parents to offspring
Watson and Crick
Structure of DNA
Human Genome Project
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA): Molecule carr
Motivation - 1
(Myers, 2006, p. 469)
Perspectives on motivation
Instinct theory (evolutionary theory) Drive reduction theory Arousal theory Maslow's hierarchy of needs
Automatic regulation of caloric intake prevents energy deficits
Motivation - 2
Motivation at Work
Personnel psychology Organizational psychology
Discovering and harnessing your strengths (p.501)
What activities give you pleasure? What activities leave me wondering, "When can I do this again?" What so o