Japan Final Notes
Japan-Korea ties frosty after 50 years
1. 6/22/15 50th year after normalisation of diplomatic relations
2. Shinzo Abe and Park Gyeun He promised to work closely in the future to continue a
3. Leadership d
Previously, the Meiji Constitution had setup a centralized, constitutional monarchy to replace
its feudal military state. It adopted western technology, institutions such as conscription,
compulsory education, a constitution, railroads, industry, land tax
Why would Japan remilitarize?
- China and other countries in Asia (such as India, Vietnam, Philippines) growing militarily.
NK ballistic missile threat.
- Domestic push by the right, criticism of security treaty.
- US could be seen as unreliable.
Rise of socialists scared the more conservative parties, US. Led to a massive merger between
the Liberal Party and the Democratic Party.
The 1955 System- What explains single party-dominance for so long?
Institutions (electoral system, bureaucratic system
Institutions are essential in understanding a state. One such massive change was the Meiji
Tokugawa Japan: 1600-1868
Arrival of the Black ships: 1853-4 (Commodore Perry)
Meiji Restoration: 1868
Satsuma Rebellion: 1889 (resisted Tokugawa all t
Prof: How do you win the hearts and minds of people in the third world so they do not become
Kennedy creates a brain trust of economists and social scientists and they determine
modernization theory is the best way to improve the third world an
1) Why was the Tokugawa overthrown and what was it replaced with?
Following the arrival of Commodore Matthew Perry and the Black Ships there was a growing
sentiment among many in Japan that the country had become weak from too much isolation.
And that (af
Postwar and classical model:
Keiretsu- Business conglomerates with vested interests and usually close connections to the LDP.
Through the Iron Triangle, they influence policy (particularly economic).
Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI
(Not on midterm, but will be on the final)
Trends at late stages of the Cold War
- Rapid relative gains by Japan. (e.g. in the 80s and 90s Japans GDP was between 1520% of the world total GDP). Japan seen as a (mostly economic) threat by Americans.
1955 system began to decline in the 1970s as factions emerged in LDP and smaller parties
began to gain power in the Diet
Why did this happen?
- Demographic changes. More Japanese were working industry and not agricultural jobs.
- Mass media
The spread of
Final: 12/15 3:00-5:00 pm
Korea 12/16: 12:40-2:40 pm
AI: 12/15 5:20-7:20 (paper)
SPAN: 12/11 3:00pm - 5:00 pm
SMPA: 12/4 11:10-12:30
Yakada Kishi was masterful at raising funds. Invented the LDP as the pro-business party. AntiCommunist. Unconvicted war
The economic growth started early, and was the result of high government investment. Although
many Japanese were skeptical until an Economist article praised the Japanese miracle.
Name to remember: Arisawa Hiromi. Professor who was one of the dozen or so
Internationalized Capital Markets
1971: Fixed exchange rate system breaks down
- yen/dollar rates increases from 360 to 290
1985: G-5 Plaza Accord (to 110 yen)
Firms pressured for capital liberalization to allow them to invest abroad
Ratio of competitive
Politics and foreign policy of Japan
Course overview- divided into 3 parts: historical overall (Andrew
Gordon), study of Japans foreign policy approaches (Michael green),
current events affecting japan
Start with Tokagawa regime, how japan modernized so q
Midterm Short Answer and IDS on October 15th. Up to and including this lecture
Essay is argumentative, not a research paper. (Outside readings not essential. Shouldnt have
to rely on a lot of outside sources)
Yoshida Doctrine- Focus on economics, rely o
Is Japan entering an institutional change on the same scale as Meiji or the Occupation?
Post Cold War Politics- some electoral reform, attempt to cut out pork, momentary switch to the
DJP before LDP returned to power
Is Abe a reformer? Is this the third o
What explains Japans economic miracle?
What explains the success of the LDP at the ballot box?
What forces put an end to this 1955 system?
On the eve of WWI, despite massive industrialization, Japan was still very poor. In 1950, they
are still not recover
Midterm covers weeks 1 through 6. Is 10/15. Review session on 10/13. Mix of IDs and short
answer questions. Will be material from the readings not gone over in class. Know basic
arguments made and the historical figures.
Analytic Paper: Dont ask a questio
Ways to Think Of Japanese Foreign Policy
A. Asianism (Historically, geographically, culturally connected to Japan. Yet, in the 19th
century Japan stopped viewing themselves as Asian because of a long period of
The emperors speech - especially regarding atomic bombs (p,36)- is a lot less down and a lot
more anti-american than I thought. I can see why, given this, the Japanese are still reluctant to
admit to war crimes and see the war as justified.
Crazy how the
Yoshida Doctrine- Originally conceived by PM Yoshida (1948-1954)- it stated that
Japan was to maintain a low profile diplomatically (while remaining allied with the US)
and using the US security guarantee as an opportunity
How did we get here?
- Shinzo Abe as PM
- LDP controlling both houses
DPJ was a weak party with a lot of infighting and lack of a coherent policy platforms. Institutional
weakness, combined with the triple disaster of March 2011 which led to a lack of con
Seeds planted in the Tokugawa era; some early reforms. Japan remained very feudal because they
expelled the european traders and foreigners right before the Great Enlightment of the West.
- Return of Imperial Rule
Fundamentally, basic point is that Abenomics is a reform plan.
Why did Abe call a snap election in December?
- To overcome obstacles to economic reform
- Abe himself says its about taxes
- Various other theories: Recession (if the recession gets worse lat
Key Events Feeding Bilateral Tensions Since September 2010:
- Fishing trawler incident/arrest of Chinese national
- Violent Chinese protests against Japan
- Govt purchase of three islets under Noda (Chinese furious Japan trying to change status
Prof: I go about teaching the Korean War differently from most scholars. Have to understand
period between 1945 and 1950 to fully understand it. War was not just an American conflict as
some scholars present it. Most scholarship on the Korean war is lacki
Lec 24 Abenomics
Its marketing, PR, a slogan to describe the economic policy reform agenda implemented by
Prime Minster Abe.
What constitutes Abenomics? 3 arrows: monetary policy, fiscal policy, and structural
The three arrows havent
Final Review Session
Era of declining sympathy in Asia
Final: 85/12 split, so 1/6th of the midterm material will be on the final
Constitution, property rights, election rules, conventions and codes of behavior
Role: Provide structu
The Reinterpretation of Article IX
On July 21st, 2013, Japans administration will hold an election of the Upper House of the
Diet to revise or reinterpret Article IX in the Japanese constitution. Numerous p