What is leadership? Is it power over other people? Is it a special talent that the lucky possess
and that the unlucky can never hope to gain? Why do some become leaders and others
followers? This chapter examines these questions by defining l
1. Language consists of smaller components, like words, that can be combined to form larger ones, like phrases, to
create sentences, which themselves can be components of a larger story. This demonstrates the
1. According to your text, when students are asked the top functions for which they use their memories, all but which
of the following are commonly identified?
a. their daily schedule
b. learning material for exams
c. remembering names and phone numbers
1. When Sam listens to his girlfriend Susan in the restaurant and ignores other people's conversations, he is engaged in
the process of
a. low load
c. cocktail party
People routinely influence other people, but in some cases this influence can be extraordinarily
strong. Rather than subtly influencing members opinions and choices, powerful people and groups
can change members in dramatic ways. This chapter uses
1. The study of the physiological basis of cognition is known as
a. cognitive psychology.
c. cognitive neuroscience.
2. Barbara has recently been diagnosed
1. Which of the following would most likely be a detailed long-term memory?
a. I just sat down.
b. I was talking to that girl just before class.
c. I was talking to that boy three months ago.
d. I talked to my cousin Amelia on the phone six months ago.
1. Mental imagery involves
a. experiencing a sensory impression in the absence of sensory input.
b. mental representations of the current sensory inputs.
c. sensory representations of a stimulus.
d. the misrepresentation of a stimulus as possessing physic
1. Acquiring information and transforming it into long-term memory is
a. state-dependent learning.
c. memory consolidation.
d. transfer-appropriate processing.
2. Elaborative rehea
1. Making probable conclusions based on evidence involves
2. Consider the following argument:
Observation: Here in Nash
1. Janet is alone in a room that contains a chair and a shelf with a book resting on top. She attempts to retrieve the
book, but the shelf is a foot above her reach. How will Janet retrieve the book? Psychologists would NOT classify
this scenario as a pro
1. Two different definitions of
offered by your book include (a) the mental representation of a class or
individual, and (b) the meaning of objects, events, and abstract ideas.
Divisible Definition: tasks can be divide into specific subtasks to be
completed in contribution to the greater task
Basketball tasks are split up into different positions, each position
has unique skills that the player should specialize in.
Basketball is a sport where the team that scores the most points at the end of the game
wins. Teams can score points by shooting the ball through the basket. This sport relies on the
efforts of individuals to work together in order to score the most baske
People often answer the question How can we get the job done? with Lets form a group.
This chapter examines the productivity of task-focused groups by reviewing studies of group
tasks, social facilitation, social loafing (the Ringelmann eff
1. Autobiographical memory research shows that a person's brain is more extensively activated when viewing photos
a. the person has seen before.
b. of familiar places.
c. they took themselves.
d. the person has never seen before.
1. Experience resulting from stimulation of the senses and information from the senses that can help guide our actions
The Nature of