The Apology of Socrates has as its primary purpose an apology, as its
title makes clear, but it is also an accusation of the Athenians, seeing
that they brought such a man to court. And the bitterness of the
accusation is concealed by the moderation of th
I. Socrates questions Cephalus
(i) What is it like to be old?
(ii) What is the greatest value of wealth?
a. The value of old age: relieves ones appetites (329cd). The value of wealth: enables
sacrifices and debt payments (331bc).
1. Socrates reform
I. Crito finds Socrates asleep in jail
a. Crito provides reasons to escape. (44b-46a)
(i) Crito and others will lose an irreplaceable
(ii) They will gain a reputation for being
cowardly and miserly.
(iii) Socrates will abandon his sons, which is
The Tragedy and Comedy of Love in Platos Symposium
1. Aristophanes: love is a desire for wholeness, a longing for the completeness
that we lack. It is an attempt to heal the wound of human nature.
a. Aristophanes speech is the central speech of the Sympos
The History of Ancient Philosophy
Dr. Mark Ralkowski
Office phone: 202.242-6047
Your essay will address one of the topics listed below. Using the
scholarly resources available through Gelmans website (especi