Realism in the 21st Century
Realism: General Approaches
Realists like John Mearsheimer were not convinced that the end of the Cold War represented a
new era in international cooperation
Rather, states would continue to be the primary actors and continue
Systemic structure is capitalist
System is ordered hierarchically based on an international
division of labor
Core, the developed world
Periphery, the developing world
Semi-periphery, states that fall in between
KEY TERMS TO DEFINE: Midterm
Comparative politics systematic search for answers to political
questions about how people around the world make and contest public choices
Methods of agreementcompares and contrasts countries with
Comparative Politics Cumulative Final Study Guide
Why and How Do We Compare?
comparative politicsthe systematic search for answers to political questions
about how people around the world make and contest authoritative public choices
method of agreement
Date: July 23 2015
Cuba and America: The End of an Estrangement
U.S. and Cuba ended 54 year estrangement; reopened embassies in Havana and DC
Relations severed in January 1961 when Castro came to power; treaty signed with Soviet Union
US imposed trade emb
Date: July 16 2015
In Search of a Strategy Presentation
ISIL- self proclaimed caliphate led by Sunni Arabs from Iraq and Syria
Sunni- follows of orthodox Islam and Muhammad, largest branch of Islam, typically Arabic
Shiite- follows of Muhammad and spiritu
Date: July 27 2015
*Waibo- Chinese version of Twitter; used to analyze public opinion of Chinas foreign policy
Final Exam: Everything from isms to International Political Economy/Trade/Globalization/Game
Many questions from quiz and 1st
Date: July 21 2015
*Drop by Seokjoons office hours at least once in semester
state A can ask B to invest in only defensive weapons instead of offensive; can reach
agreement because can easily distinguish offensive from defensive
Date: July 14 2015
Midterm: MC, Short Answer, Essay
MC- quiz questions
Essay- questions themselves simplistic; directly based on lectures and discussions
Glaser- realist families
Mearsheimer- offensive realism
Might ask difference between offensive and de
Date: July 15 2015
Foreign policy decisions: 2 levels
1. Political leader should negotiate with other countrys leaders
2. Political leader should also consider domestic politics (leader of Greece should consider
opinion of voters; public opinions; should
Date: July 13 2015
What consists of a game theory?
Need players to play a game
Need actions or strategies
Prisoners Dilemma: D; world of realists
C: cooperation and D: defect
Neoliberal institutionalists: if there is something that makes play
Date: July 09 2015
Waltz argument regarding Iran:
Logic based on logic of structural realism
Makes sense from structural realist point of view
Because Israel is sole hegemony, every other state would want to balance against Israel ->
would make the region
Date: July 7, 2015
Today: Classical and Structural Realism
2 branches of Structural: Defensive and Offensive
Another type: Motivational Realism
Lecture this Friday but no lecture tomorrow
Monday: Liberalism again
Next Tuesday an
Date: July 10 2015
There are many branches of theory in liberalism but no single theory
Structural realism concentrated on international system (anarchy) with anarchy driving states to
compete regardless of states intentions
However liberalism different:
How hard has Anarchy pushed and shoved states to behave as they do?
Waltz thinks pretty hard.
Wendt- id and ego sitting on an island. Anarchy and threats are a social construction/
what states make of it. Didnt have to be like this.
If trade is beneficial, why do all nations restrict it?
Patterns of restrictionpreferences in trade policy
-factor based preferences (Stolper-Samuelson) abundant in something, youll favor
openness, and scarceness, you wont.
another theory, specific factor
increasingly free movement of goods, people, and capital across national borders
is globalization new?
-no, roman empire was a trade union with a creation of mutual dependency
-asia and silk road, silk, tea, etc made its way through vast deserts etc
35$ US= 1 oz of gold
IMF helped allies post-war
Japan can make sure they have as many yen as dollars; have exchangeable
Post nixon and 1971, US abandoned the 35$ thing, dollar became valued by market,
not state. More people that
-Social safety nets
Mercantilist era- the world as we think of it, really came into being in 1492
sought goods to satisfy their empire- chocolate, tea, etc.
Mercantilism was costly- ext
Anarchy and Power
chaos overthrow the government, in terms of international politics however, its
the absence of world government. We live in an anarchical world (no world
government); nothing is higher than a sovereign state.
When a state commits a crime
China- cont of BRICS
Projection of China getting very ahead in the future
Are Brics challengers to international political economy?
McNally: Chinese propose a big challenge to existing order- he is a comparativist
Who makes the rules and who benefits from the laws?
1. Origins and Purpose
Hugo Grotius, Dutch (huge empire) Jurist early 1600s
Laws came out to protect empire from subjects
Paul Bremer, who ran the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq- if you look at
Rational choice/ bargaining model of war
-incentives to lie
-implications of bargaining model
Strategic interaction between two parties.
Model of war:
If we make assumptions, what can we explain? Rationalist explanation, James
Oxfam reading- stalemates, pluralateralists, etc.
Should developing countries get special and differential treatment in trade rules?
yes-comparative advantage; when countries shouldnt be screwed over; cycle of underdevelopment
low-skill low-pay att