1) Sociology is best described as
A) The study of personalities B) The study of human behavior in society C) The study of human
genetics D) The study of common sense
Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 5 Skill: Knowledge
2) Which sociologist wrote of thesociologi
It take 17 muscles to smile and 43 muscles to frown
Hippos live up to 45 years
The furthest point from any ocean will be found in China
Cold water weighs more then hot water
Chapter 1 outline
1. Sociology uses
Reading Assignment & Objectives-2
Read Chapter 1 (pp. 16-35) of the textbook.
Module Learning Objectives:
Demonstrate the ability to define theory and explain how theories can change over time.
Explain the difference between micro-sociological and macro-s
Reading Assignment & Objectives-3
Read Textbook: Chapter 2 (ALL) and Chapter 10 (pp. 303-313) of the textbook.
Module Learning Objectives:
Explain the difference between the scientific ways of knowing versus commonsense understanding.
Demonstrate an under
Reading Assignment & Objectives-1
Read Chapter 1 (pp. 4-16) of the textbook.
Module Learning Objectives:
Define society and explain what sociologists view as a society.
Explain what a social science is and identify the major social science disciplines.
In the United States, the federal poverty line is calculated using food costs, based on the
cheapest possible diet that can still provide basic nutrition. What sort of measure of
poverty is this?
a measure of absolute deprivation
What is wrong with treat
1. The folk-pop singer Jewel is famous for having lived in her van when she first moved to San
Diego and started performing in a coffee shop. Soon after she was signed by Atlantic Records,
her advance allowed her to rent a house and buy a new ca
1. The condition that often develops in large groups when tasks are neglected, because it is
impossible for any one person to receive credit (or blame), is called:
2. Why would sociologists who study social networks and employment pay atten
1. Individuals who conceive of deviance as a role, rather than as an isolated behavior,
sometimes initiate the labeling process against themselves. What is this called?
2. Many people, especially young women, worry about maintaining a tan.
1. When a parent argues that her child has simply fallen in with a bad crowd, what theory of
deviance is she expressing?
differential association theory
2. Why was imprisonment such a rare type of punishment before the nineteenth century?
1. Each to each a looking glass / Reflects the other that doth pass. This phrase, associated with Charles
Cooley, indicates that our sense of self originates in:
interactions with other people
2. When an individual can internalize the expectations of othe
1. A nightclub has several types of employees, each with a specialized task. Bartenders make drinks,
bouncers check identification, bussers clear away old glasses, and so on. A shift supervisor is in charge,
and a manager is in charge of the shift supervi
1. Being a son or a daughter is your _, but the expectation that you show respect to your
parents is your _.
2. What are the parts of the mind according to Sigmund Freuds system?
the id, the ego, and the superego
3. The indie rock band the Ha
1. What happens to individuals who are not socialized?
They are almost completely devoid of the qualities that we associate with being human.
2. Which of the following sources of socialization forms the foundation for all other socializing agents?
1. Erving Goffman theorized social life as a kind of con game, in which each individual works to control
the impressions that others have of her. What did Goffman call this process?
2. In 2000 the Campbells Soup Company lau
1. Although many people feel that expectations for personal space (usually about 18 inches for
Americans) are innate, members of many cultures are used to noticeably less personal space
than we are, which helps to demonstrate that our expectations for per
Which of the following is NOT a subculture?
the Ku Klux Klan
2. The art historian and social critic John Berger has argued that the suit is the first uniform of the
powerful designed for stationary life. Suits make manual laborers look ridiculous, yet
1. Many Americans become very concerned when a restaurant tries to serve them a piece of
undercooked beef. Despite the fact that many people in Europe regularly eat raw beef, many Americans
express disgust at the idea, which suggests that eating raw beef
1. What do sociologists call the norms and values that people actually follow?
2. How are informal norms different from formal norms?
Informal norms are implicit and unspoken.
3. The famous feminist and social theorist Judith Butler
What is religiosity?
the extent of a persons commitment to a religion
A sociologist wants to study popular attitudes and perceptions about astrology among college students
in California. She believes that people who have astrological signs identified with
A graduate student is almost done with his dissertation when he is informed that twenty years ago
someone did a very similar project and already demonstrated what he had hoped to be the first to
discover. What basic step of the scientific method could hav
1. Before beginning a research project, what will a good researcher always do?
review the literature in order to become familiar with earlier research that relates to his topic
2. Which of the following is NOT an advantage of survey research?
Most of the time people use psychological rather than sociological arguments to explain why the world is
the way it is and why things happen to us. Why?
We have insufficiently developed our sociological imagination.
If you possess a sociological imaginati
1. Why does C. Wright Mills think that its important for everyone, even people who will never take a
sociology class, to develop a sociological imagination?
Many people remain unaware of the intricate connections between the patterns of their own lives
The divorce rate has steadily increased over time, and now more than a quarter of all marriages end
within the first four years. What sort of factors would C. Wright Mills suggest investigating to explain this
Why does C. Wrigh
1. Max Weber believed that, as the Industrial Revolution progressed, society became increasingly
rationalized. How did he define rationalization?
the application of economic logic to all aspects of social life
2. Which of the following is a major critique
1. What did Karl Marx think that the lower classes needed to do in order to end their oppression?
develop class consciousness
2. Stricter control of the border between the United States and Mexico was implemented to curb illegal
immigration, but it