3.3a- The Purpose and Intent of the Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights guarantees basic human and political rights to Americans. As an
addendum to the United States Constitution, the document has evolved in scope through
3.1c- Layer Cake Federalism
The United States encompasses many governmentsover 83,000 separate units.
These include municipal, county, regional, state, and federal governments as well
as school districts and special districts like wate
3.2b Constitutional Principles
The United States Constitution is a relatively brief document that established the foundation
upon which the American government is built. It outlines the framework and procedures of
the government and sets limits on governm
2.4a The Articles of Confederation
Even prior to the Revolutionary War, American colonial leaders discussed how they could
organize a unified government. In 1754, the English Board of Trade, the organ of the British
government responsible for the colonies
Lesson 2.1b The Colonial Experience @ ushistory.org
John Winthrop was the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, one of the eight colonies
governed by royal charter in the colonial period.
They created and nurtured them. Like children, the American col
2.1c Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" @ montereyinstitute.org
As late as January 1776, months before American independence was declared, many colonists still
pledged their loyalty to the Crown. These loyalists comprised a large segment of the population,
The art world was highly relevant to shaping and expressing the idea of the
Renaissance. Crusaders returning from Constantinople and the Middle East via the
trade routes that ran through Northern Italian city-states brought back commodities and
Document Based Questions
Civilization of the Americas
1) Describe the significance of Mayan architecture evidenced in this temple at Tikal?
This temple illustrates the architectural skills of the Mayans. The significance of Mayan
architecture is over evid
Bantu Migrations and the Sudanic Kingdom
1. Who were the "Bantus" and what is their significance to African history?
The Bantu migrated from Congo or Niger Delta Basin. Their migration throughout Africa is one of the
largest migrations in human history. T
While the initial purpose of the Crusades may have been more religiously centered, many
would argue that it later became a political dispute. In a description of the Fourth Crusade,
Nicholas Mesarites, 1204, says, Moreover, they tore
Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment
HONORS ONLY Essay
When someone thinks over and considers the word enlightenment, they think of change,
revelation, and ideas; they think of something new. Ideas brought about by the Scientif
1. Who was "Michaelangelo" and what was his greatest work?
Michelangelo was a painter, sculptor, poet, and architect. As a sculptor, he is best known for his
Pieta, David, and Moses. As a painter, for the biblical scenes he painted on the ceiling of the S
Imagine that you have traveled back in time to the Middle Ages. In your opinion, would you rather
be a King, Vassal, Knight, or a Serf and why? In addition, please give specific reasons why you
would NOT want to be the other roles in the Feudal System?
1. Describe the establishment of the Tokugawa Shougunate.
Japan ended its isolationist foreign policy called sakoku and modernized from a feudal shogunate to
the Meiji government.
2. Who was the first Shogun of this period?
3. What city
Answer ALL the questions
1. What important discovery did Vasco Da Gama make?
Was the first explorer to sail around the tip of Africa and reach India
2. What important discovery did Ferdinand Magellan make?
Was the first man to attempt to sa
1. Who is responsible for starting the Protestant Reformation?
2. What was Luther's main complaint against the Catholic Church?
That the pope was the main mediatopr of Gods will instead of the bible
3. Papal supremacy & infallibility (aka th