1. An example of the ingroup bias is:
A. We give more money to members of our group, even if we never met them than to people who aren't members
of our group.
B. We think Princeton students are all alike.
C. Lynching increase as the pr
1. Melanie believes that her boyfriend enjoys far more benefits from their relationship than she does, even though
she invests more time, effort, and resources in their friendship. Clearly Melanie believes that her relationship
1. If I ask a sample of people "is the Mississippi River longer or shorter than 500 miles", and ask a separate
sample of people "is the Mississippi River longer or shorter than 5000 miles", the first sample will give lower
1. People are most susceptible to informational influence when
A. there is a charismatic leader.
C. they have no allies in the group.
B. they want to be liked by the group.
D. the situation is ambiguous.
2. Which of the following state
1. In a _ dilemma, everyone takes from a public pool of goods that will replenish itself only if used in
D. limited resource
2. Pursuing one's self-interest to the collective detriment o
What is Altruism?
Helping another even when no benefits are offered
or expected in return
Is this altruism?
Mary, an attorney, stops to aid the victim of an
Bill calls the police when he sees his next door neighbor
leave the house wi
The Social Psychology of Helping
extreme examples of failure to
Kitty Genovese murder
New Bedford rape in The accused
extreme examples of helping:
Carnegie Hero awards
Oskar Schindler in Schindlers List
Helping in an Emergency
Prejudice and Discrimination
Attitudes towards groups and members of
Resistant to change
Stereotypes: Cognitive Component
Prejudice: Affective Component
Who are you? Psychology suggests that there are three
answers to that question:
Reflexive Self (What do you think of yourself?)
Interpersonal Self (How you related to others? What do
others think of you?)
Executive Self (How you choose between al
Love and Relationships
What does love feel like?
Paul: Love bears all things, believes all
things, hopes all things, endures all things
Blake: Love seeketh only self to please, to
bind another to its d
Interpersonal attraction: desire to approach
People have many theories: birds of a feather
flock together or opposites attract
What really matters?
Characteristics of others
Interaction between situation and charact
Persuasion is everywhere, is neither good
nor bad. Advertisers do it; preachers do it; I
do it. What affects persuasion?
Yale Model of Attitude Change
Source: Who is communicating
Message: What is being said
Channel: How is it being said
Social Psychology and the Law
Many steps in the legal process
involve social psychological
Obeying the law
Arresting the right suspect
Prosecution and defense negotiate
Trial (criminal or civil)
Obeying the Law
Pressures created by other people.
Social influence is the attempt to change
the attitudes or behaviors of others in a
particular direction through the exercise of
Social power comes from having access to
certain resources (rewards, punishme
How we interpret, analyze, remember, and
use information about the social world
Ways of managing social data
Three Areas of Research
Mental structures that allow us to organize
information in an efficient manner
Individual goal in the presence of others.
Individual contributions to group goal.
What determines behavior-genes or
Otherwise known as nature vs. nurture
Use gender as an example
Sex: biology, anatomy
Gender: behaviors, preferences, what is means
to be male or female
What would you do?
You are in
Attitudes and Behavior
Attitude: An evaluation of the social world
Three Components of an attitude
behavior (inclination to act)
cognitions (beliefs, thoughts)
Implicit vs. explicit
Attitudes vs. Action
Saying is not the same as d
As human beings, we construe our perceptions based on schemas and experiences
in forms of stereotypes. Category-based stereotypes, such as Asian-Americans being poor
drivers, are derived from past experiences and other instances classifying them in a
Exposing Underage Drinking; Will Teens Learn Before It is Too Late?
The media, predominantly television, has impacted society on a variety of levels
fluctuating from reporting global news to entertainment. A plethora of categories are
created on televisio
Pluristic ignorance-actions that reinforce the erroneous group norm
2 dimensions positive-negative dimension-trustworthy not trustworthy aggressive or not
Second dimension is power meaning dominant or submissive
One of the most pervasive reasons for dist
Hostile aggression-behavior intended to harm another physically or emotionally
motivated by anger
Instrumental aggression-behavior intended to harm another in the service of
motives other than pure hostility (attention, wealth)
Frustration-the internal s
Bogus stranger paradigm-favor people who they are told as similar
Carol rustbelts- availability to more potential satisfying alternatives
Perret, may, yosh- proved most judges are attracted too-composites of attractive
faces with certain features exagger
Money Cant Buy Happiness, but It Can Effect It
Over the duration of a lifetime, its important for one to be financially responsible. Being
financially sound, or not, can be the source of much stress in a persons life. Being that income
Following the American Psychological Association guidelines
Throughout the duration of a lifetime, each individual is faced with difficult, and life
altering decisions. Out of those decisions, the one of most importance is what
Scientific method-develop hypothesis, controlled test, gather info, analysis results,
Theory-body of related propositions intended to describe some aspect of the world
Hypothesis-prediction about what will happen under par
Psych study guide Exam 3
Chapter 10 & 11 & movie
Overview Eating Disorders1.drive to be thin
2. greater in f than m
3.westernized, upper socioeconmic status - not in countries w/o food only soc. w/
4. death as a result5. highly secretive6. impai
1. Which describes the social loafing phenomenon?
When people are doing a task, they work harder when it's their own project rather one they've been assigned.
When people are doing a task, they work harder when getting paid
1. People in Latan and Darley's experiments using the smoke filled rooms were the most likely to get help when:
A. they were with strangers.
C. they were with passive confederates.
B. they were alone.
D. they were unsure what to do.
The I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon can often
lead students of social psychology
to over-prepare for an exam.
to study just the right amount for an exam.
to under-prepare for an exam.
None of the above.
A research hypothes