Unit 1: Psychologys History and Approaches
Psychology: The science that explains how and why humans think, feel, and act the way they do.
What Is Psychology?
People since the beginning of time have pondered quest
Unit 3A Notes
What does research about our brain function suggest about our brain?
What do case studies show about the interaction between neurology and
Franz Joseph Gall
Bumps on head give i
Did we know it all along?
Hindsight Bias- The nature to believe after someone knows the outcome that we should have seen it
Examples: The result of war with Iraq.
We as humans tend to be more overconfident an
AP Psychology: Unit 6
Adaptability: The capacity to learn new behaviors that help us cope with challenging
Habituation: Organisms repeated exposure to the stimuli decreases, then the response
Example: Sea Slug:
Unit 3B Outline
Lesion- Tissue destruction; a brain lesion is a naturally or experimentally caused destruction of brain
Example: When a rats brain tissue was destroyed they had to force fed the rat. When the brain tissue
was stimulated, the rat be
Five sleep cycles in 90 minutes-Discovered by Eugene Aserinsky when he placed electrodes
near sons eye;discovered REM
REM Sleep: Rapid Eye Movement sleep; a recurring sleep stage in which vivid dreams occur.
Also known as paradoxical sleep,
UNIT 3C Outline:
Behavior Genetics: The study of how genetics and environment influence behavior
Environment: Every non-genetic influence, from pre-natal nutrition to the people and
things around us.
Genes: Our Cables for Life:
Chromosomes: Threadlike str
Unit 6B Outline
Continuous Reinforcement-Reinforcing the desired response every time it occurred, but
extinction happens rapidly.
ex. The rat gets food when he pulls down on the lever and gets food. However,when this stops
the rat q
People born without the ability to feel pain may experience severe injury or die before
adulthood due to the joints failing from excess strain and not warning the person. This can
make injuries accumulate.
Feeling of pai
Free Response Unit 5
The physiological effects of depressants like alcohol are that they reduce or eliminate neural
activity such as memory processes and memory formation. It also slows body functions such as
speech and may cause people to slur. The psych
Name: Sophia Englehardt
The Alternative Assignment:
1. List the different kinds of synovial joints, below:
2. Name in order the series of body movements in one round of the Macarena.
Include what ty
Your hernia and You!
Go here : (also in edmodo)
1 IN YOUR OWN WORDS, define hernia:
3 When the wall of a muscle, tissue, or membrane that holds an organ in place becomes
Through Edmodo, access the student guide to Body Worlds Vital.
1. Bullet the 5 steps of plastination.
Embalming and Ana
The Body Worlds exhibit on the second floor of the quincy market was one of the more
fascinating things I have seen before, by a long shot! All around the country people are hearing
about Body Worlds and wishing it would come to
The SKINny on Tattoos! WebMD slide show
1. Into what layer of skin is ink injected?
2. List 5 safe tattooing tips.
Pay attention to the area around the tattoo artist, look to see if it's a fully licensed parlor,
make sure the artist is using th
Adulthood: An adult is fully developed and mature, one who takes responsibility for their actions
and acts upon what they feel is necessary. In ones adulthood, they are no longer childish and also at
their prime period for physic
I've lived in the same house in Wenham all my life with my family. I live with my mom, dad
and my brother Taylor who is currently not home for he is away at Umass Amherst for his senior year
of college. I always say
token economy: an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some
sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various
privileges or treats
cognitive therapy: therapy
8B pt. 2
monkeys learn to fear snakes; but don't learn to fear flowers
amygdala- limbic system neural center deep in brain
associates emotions, like fear, with situations
if an experimenter repeatedly blasts peop
Notes p. 569-589
Most people with psychological disorders are not violent
anxiety disorders: Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or
maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiet
Motivation and Emotion
Aron Ralton's Motivation to live and belong energized directed his sacrificing half his arm
motivation: a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
instinct theory/evolutionary perspective focuses
Memory pt. 2 A
deja vu: I've been in this situation before
events in the past may arouse an emotion that later primes us to recall its associated events
state-dependent memory: what we learn in one state may be more easily rec
Memory pt. 1 A
Memory: learning that has persisted over time, info that has been stored and can be retrieved
Russian Journalist, S has very very good memory
To remember an event, we must get info to our brain (encoding),
A block AP Psych
A) The philosopher, John Locke, would agree with Tom's believe that children are born with neither
good nor bad thoughts, desires, or character traits. Locke argued that the mind at birth is like a blank
States of Consciousness
In illusion of conscious will, people believe their consciousness is controlling their actions
when it isn't
psychoactive drugs- mood-and perception-altering substances.
Consciousness: our awarene
emotion are a mix of 1) physiological arousal (heart pounding), 2) expressive behaviors
(quickened pace), and 3) consciously experienced thought & feelings
your feelings of fear followed your body's response
biological psychology: a branch of psych concerned w/ the links between biology &
neuron: a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
sensory neurons: neurons that carry incoming info from t
1. I found the video clips useful because they gave us a different approach to the term we were
learning. Likewise, examples are helpful as well to break down the difficult wording that the
text book gave us.
2. I felt pretty prepared for the exam- howeve
Cognition: thinking/ the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering,
cognitive psychologists study the activities
concepts: a mental grouping of similar objects, events, i