In the 1920's many employers that wanted to avoid disruptive labor unrest and
forestall the growth of independent trade unions, welfare capitalism
Henry Ford shortened the workweek, raised wages, and instituted paid vacations.
American Protective Association- group committed to stopping immigrant tide
In response to rising nativism, Henry Bowers founded it in 1887
Henry Bowers- self educated lawyer; hated Catholics and foreigners
Membership reached 500,000 by 1894 with chapt
National Security Act of 1947 "reshaped the nation's major military and
National Security Council would operate out of the White House and would
govern foreign and military policy.
Truman decided to
Alfred Thayer Mahan
A captain and an admiral in the US Navy
Most able and most effective apostle of imperialism
In his thesis presented in The Influence of Sea Power upon History (1890), he
stated that countries with sea power were the great nations of
During Roosevelt's campaign in 1904 he boasted that he had worked in the
anthracite coal strike in order to provide everyone with a "square deal," which in
his second term he tried to extend further.
First target was railroad industry. He as
Good Neighbor Policy
An American effort to enhance both diplomatic and economic relations with
"Latin America was one of the most important targets of the new policy of trade
The US increased imports and exports form other West
October 29, 1929- all efforts to save the market failed
The great bull market had been falling apart and there were alarming declines in
stock prices on Oct. 21 and Oct 23. Both had temporary recoveries although the
second one was engineered
Created as response to Kansas-Nebraska
Opposed to slavery; racist
Free Soil Party
Favored the American System
Captained by James G. Blaine of Maine
Competing against Stalwarts for control of the Republican Party and threatened to
Favored reform not traditional, professional machine politics like the Stalwarts
Hayes could not satisfy the H
The army chief of staff
Supported a plan for a major Allied invasion of France, in the spring of 1943,
across the English Channel
The American plan faced challenges from the Allies because the Soviet Union
wanted to proceed at the earliest
The 1950's had great economic successes and it helped reunify the labor
After twenty years of rivalry, the American Federation of Labor and the Congress
of Industrial Organizations merged to create the AFL-CIO, in December 1955,
Even though France's intervention to help the Americans in their fight against the British
was successful, It worsened the monarchies financial problems. Jacques Necker, a Swiss
banker, became the director-general of finances. He reproduce
An arms control agreement that "set limits on the number of long-range missiles,
bombers, and nuclear warheads on each side."
The agreement achieved what the Nixon administration had wanted previously.
It was met with conservation opposition in th
Agricultural Adjustment Act
Passed by congress in May 1933
Most important feature: provision for reducing crop production to end agricultural
surpluses and halt the downward spiral of farm prices.
Producers of seven basic commodities (wheat, cotton, co
Where the American forces assisted the French in repelling a German offensive
that had brought German forces within 50 miles of Paris.
Over a million troops of Americans helped turn away another assault at Rheims
six weeks later.
Chapter 32 Ids.
"A large diverse group of men and women energized by the polarizing
developments of their time to challenge the political system."
Even though the group embraced the cause of African Americans and other