Pitfalls of Experimental Design
Demand characteristics - cues that participants pick up that allow them to
generate guesses regarding the researchers hypotheses
Disguising the purpose of the study or using filler
items can help to decr
Incidence of Autism
Experts estimate that three to six children out of every 1,000 will have autism.
Males are four times more likely to have autism than females.
What are some common signs of autism?
Verbal and nonverbal communication
Some oddities in our language
He said that that 'that' that that man used was wrong.
Times flies like an arrow, fruit flies like a banana
Iraqi head seeks arms
Include your children when baking cookies
Drunk gets nine months in violin case
Sampling is important!
Procedure where each score in a population has an equal probability of inclusion
in the sample
Increases the likelihood that the sample is representative
Correlation vs. Causation
Just because two things are related,
Learning: The importance of nurture
Habituation and sensitization
Classical conditioning and how complex behaviors can arise from it.
Operant conditioning: you gotta work for it.
Explore the basis of observational learning.
Patient KC proves that two types of explicit memory are separate
Shrinkage of hippocampus
Episodic/Autobiographical memory: gone
Semantic memory: intact
Could remember where he lived and worked, but could not remember himself in any life
Conformity and Obedience
Conformity: tendency of people to change their behavior because of group influence.
Aschs Conformity Experiments
The Asch Paradigm
The Asch Paradigm
Individual and cultural differences
Novel vs. familiar foods:
Treatment for children undergoing chemotherapy.
Key Ingredients to Pavlovian Conditioning
Biological relevance of the CS and US
Taste aversion experiments
Observational learning in rhesus monkeys: fear of s
Encoding specificity: were more likely to remember something when the conditions
present at encoding are similar to those at retrieval.
Context-dependent learning: external context
State-dependent learning: internal state
Sex differences and gender identity
Developmental psychology: the study of how behavior changes over time.
But, there are several challenges to studies of developmental psychology:
Post hoc fallacy: false assumpt