ENGLISH 9 Literary Analysis
Winston Churchill High School
As you read, you will annotate the text directly (if you own the book) or by using post-itnotes. You will maintain a Journal, tracking plot, theme, diction, and
Topic 3.2: Carbohydrates, Lipids, and Protein
3.2.1 Distinguish Between Organic and Inorganic Compounds
All organic compounds contain carbon
Not all carbon-containing molecules are organic; carbon dioxide is an example of a molecule
that is not organic
Topic 3.5: Transcription and translation
3.5.1 Compare the structure of RNA and DNA.
DNA- double helix
RNA- single stranded
More in depth:
DNA- Deoxyribonucleic acid
Topic 3.1: Chemical Elements and Water
3.1.1 State that the most frequently occurring chemical elements in living things
are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen.
C, H, O, and N, are used in the molecular structure of carbohydrates, proteins
Bio Study Guide
5.1.1: Define species, habitat, population, community, ecosystem, and ecology. Include
environment and the four components of the environment. Also include abiotic and biotic
components of the environment, with examples.
Nucleotide- this is made up of a phosphate ion, a sugar, and a base pair. They are the building blocks
of DNA. Their precise sequence provides the genetic instructions for the organism to which it
governs. See bottom of Picture.
7.1: Nucleic Acids and Proteins
7.1.2: Outline the structure of nucleosomes.
Nucleosome= linker DNA wrapped twice around 2 molecules of four different histones*
(makes for 8 histones)
*SOMETIMES there is a fifth histone which is attached to the linker DNA
Topic 3.4: DNA Replication
3.4.1 Explain DNA replication in terms of unwinding the double helix and
separation of the strands by helicase, followed by formation of the new
complementary strands by DNA polymerase.
- The first step in replication is the unw
Human Reproduction (Topic 6.6 and 11.4)
3 Changes that occur during puberty
- Breast development
- Hair growth
Zygote- result of fertilization
Blastocyst- structure formed early in embryogenesis
Main characteristics of fungi:
- heterotrophic (external digestion)
o Membrane bound nuncleus
- Cell walls (made of chitin)
- Majority are multicellullar
Basic structure of a multicellular fungus:
TYPES OF REPRODUCTION
a single organism produces an offspring that is identical to
e.g. a bacterium dividing into 2; a leaf cutting from a plant growing into
a new plant
two different cells, from 2 different
DETERMINING HOW SPECIES ARE RELATED
- What evidence is used to classify organisms according to relatedness?
- How can we represent these relationships in diagram form?
- compare structures in different organisms that are similar (many not serve same funct
BACTERIA & ARCHAEA
- morphologically: (both prokaryotic, similar
- biochemically (eg different cell wall materials)
- in their DNA
- physiologically (reproduction)
Differences were significant enough to conv
Are viruses living or non-living?
have genetic material
Viruses are on the borderline of life, showing features
of both living and non living things. Not formally
considered to be living organism