Ch-6 Rights to Life, Liberty, and Property Study Guide
ex post facto law
substantive due process
writ of habeas corpus
bill of attainder
7. Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
The law requires educational institutions to maintain policies, practices and
programs that do not discriminate against anyone based on sex.
Under this law, males and females are expected to receive fair and
Civil Rights- Beyond Brown
1. Equal Pay Act of 1963 (Title VII)
Employers may not base pay on race, gender, religion or national origin.
2. 24thAmendment (1964)
Elimination of the poll taxduring any federal election.
3. Civil Rights Act of 1964
Ch-5 Equal Rights Under The Law Study Guide
due process clause
Jim Crow laws
De facto segregation
equal protection clause
Ch-4 First Amendment Rights Study Guide
due process clause
free exercise clause
clear and present danger doctrine
8. Sweat v. Painter (1950):
Supreme Court ruled that a hastily established law school for blacks in
Texas did not meet the standard of equality set in the separate but equal
doctrine of Plessy v. Ferguson (1896).
9. McLaurin v. Oklahoma (1950):
2. Fair Employment Practices Committee: (FEPC)
FDRs executive order 8802 in 1941 created the FEPC to stop
discrimination in war industries and government employment.
3. An American Dilemma:
Gunnar Mydrals 1944 book changed scholarship on race by eroding t
Selective Incorporation and the 14th Amendment
*The Bill of Rights and the 14th Amendment have had an interesting constitutional
history. Recall that the Supreme Court in Barron v. Baltimore (1833) established that the
Bill of Rights only applied to the n
The ruling proved a boon to the labor movement, and was popular as the
curtailment of the arbitrariness of local officials.
Cantwell v. Connecticut (1940) Free Exercise of Religion
Court found actions by the government to be contrary to the free exercise
Soon after the court struck down state laws involving speech.
o Fiske v. Kansas, (1927) and Stromberg v. California, (1931)
Gitlow case also modified the clear and present danger test first articulated in
Schenck v. US (1919) by creating a "dangerous ten
National Urban League founded in 1910- worked to improve job opportunities and
housing for urban blacks, help black migrants from south adjust to life in northern
Blacks During and After World War I: Migration to NorthernCities and De facto
D.C. v. Heller (2008) was a landmark case in which the Supreme Court of the
United States held that the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution
protects an individual's right to possess a firearm for private use within the home
in federal encl