Ch-6 Rights to Life, Liberty, and Property Study Guide
ex post facto law
substantive due process
writ of habeas corpus
bill of attainder
7. Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
The law requires educational institutions to maintain policies, practices and
programs that do not discriminate against anyone based on sex.
Under this law, males and females are expected to receive fair and
Civil Rights- Beyond Brown
1. Equal Pay Act of 1963 (Title VII)
Employers may not base pay on race, gender, religion or national origin.
2. 24thAmendment (1964)
Elimination of the poll taxduring any federal election.
3. Civil Rights Act of 1964
Ch-5 Equal Rights Under The Law Study Guide
due process clause
Jim Crow laws
De facto segregation
equal protection clause
Ch-4 First Amendment Rights Study Guide
due process clause
free exercise clause
clear and present danger doctrine
8. Sweat v. Painter (1950):
Supreme Court ruled that a hastily established law school for blacks in
Texas did not meet the standard of equality set in the separate but equal
doctrine of Plessy v. Ferguson (1896).
9. McLaurin v. Oklahoma (1950):
2. Fair Employment Practices Committee: (FEPC)
FDRs executive order 8802 in 1941 created the FEPC to stop
discrimination in war industries and government employment.
3. An American Dilemma:
Gunnar Mydrals 1944 book changed scholarship on race by eroding t
Selective Incorporation and the 14th Amendment
*The Bill of Rights and the 14th Amendment have had an interesting constitutional
history. Recall that the Supreme Court in Barron v. Baltimore (1833) established that the
Bill of Rights only applied to the n
The ruling proved a boon to the labor movement, and was popular as the
curtailment of the arbitrariness of local officials.
Cantwell v. Connecticut (1940) Free Exercise of Religion
Court found actions by the government to be contrary to the free exercise
Soon after the court struck down state laws involving speech.
o Fiske v. Kansas, (1927) and Stromberg v. California, (1931)
Gitlow case also modified the clear and present danger test first articulated in
Schenck v. US (1919) by creating a "dangerous ten
National Urban League founded in 1910- worked to improve job opportunities and
housing for urban blacks, help black migrants from south adjust to life in northern
Blacks During and After World War I: Migration to NorthernCities and De facto
D.C. v. Heller (2008) was a landmark case in which the Supreme Court of the
United States held that the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution
protects an individual's right to possess a firearm for private use within the home
in federal encl
Ch-2 The Living Constitution Study Guide
separation of powers
independent executive agencies
The Federalist #78
Balanced Budget Amendment
The Federalist # 51
Campaign Finance 101
1. In what year and what President first asserted the need for campaign finance reform?
2. In what way did Congress respond to question #1?
3. Summarize the intent of the laws (statutes) that followed between 1907-1966 in regar
Arguments Against Judicial Review
We consider our nation to be a democratic republic; the very idea of judicial
review is undemocratic.
The effect of judicial review in ruling legislation unconstitutional is to nullify the
finished product of the lawmakin
Chapter 3- American Federalism Study Guide
necessary & proper clause
tax & spend power
Campaign Finance 101
Federal Election Campaign Acts of 1971, 74, 76, 79
As early as 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt asserted the need for campaign finance reform and called for
legislation to ban corporate contributions for political purposes. In respo
Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jeffersons Early Clashes
*The differences in political philosophy led Hamilton and Jefferson to disagree greatly on
a number of specific issues regarding how the new government should be run.
*Interpretation of the necessary
Unit 1 Fast Forward Notes for 9-10-13
II. Different Systems of Government
No two nations have exactly the same form of government
Over time, however, political analysts have developed various ways of classifying
different systems of government
One of the
Unit 1 Fast Forward Notes
VI. To Ratify Or Not To RatifyFederalist vs. Anti-Federalist:
Soon after adopting the new Constitution, the framers had to go back to their states
and sell the idea.
Quickly two sides emerged.
Federalist wanted to adopt new const
2. Struggle In The States:
Over the next four years states wrestled with ratification.
Federalist cause was generally popular in the cities, but they
were outnumbered in the general population.
Well organized and knew how to gather
*Election of 1796
Federalist John Adams wins by a slight margin and Democratic-Republican
Thomas Jefferson becomes vice-president
Jefferson and his followers begin to criticize the Federalist Adams administration
and prominent Federalists in Congress pass