Renaissance Philosophy (~1360-1600)
Notes about Medieval and its relation to the Renaissance period
First, it is hard to distinguish between the Medieval and Renaissance philosophy;
however, there are some overall changes. Renaissance means rebirth, howe
Plotinus (a Late Antiquity philosopher, not a Medieval philosopher; a Neo-Platonist)
The bridge between classical and medieval philosophy is Neo-Platonism.
Figure (Plotinus Great Chain of Being)
Plotinus: The Three Hypostases (The One and Its Emanations,
Moshe ben Maimon (Moses Maimonedes)
Faith and reason
In reality, there should not be a conflict between faith and reason since both lead to truth
(God lead us to truth through faith and reason lead us to truth through argumentation); provided
that true r
John Scotus Eriugena (Christian Mystic)
His similar view to Kant with respect to knowledge being innate yet relying on sensation (at
least empirical knowledge)
For John Scotus, the human mind thinks in a way that conforms to the metaphysical
Ibn Sina (Avicenna)
Being is the first concept conceived by the intellect; it is also the most general and most
indefinable concept. Being is the primary concept, even nothingness depends on being. In
addition, being is the simplest conce
Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
He has been nicknamed The Commentator due to his extensive and influential
commentaries on the works of other philosophers, especially Aristotle.
Humans can be classified in three general categories
1) Majority: governe
Augustine of Hippo
Views on skepticism
St. Augustine began as a (serious) skeptic. After his conversion to Christianity, he now
asked how is knowledge possible? so he ceased to be a skeptic.
Theory of knowledge
There are levels of knowledge: the highest
Anselm of Canterbury
What are the two major problems in 12th century?
The place of dialectic (or in modern terms, logic) in theology, and the question about
Anselm and Scholasticism (faith and understanding included)
Anselm falls into a scho
Meaning of Renaissance Humanism
Renaissance humanism is a collection of intellectual Greek and Roman teachings,
undertaken by scholars, writers, and civic leaders who are today known as Renaissance
humanists, taking place initially i
Pseudo-Dionysius (Christian Mystic)
What is Christian Mysticism?
Christian Mysticism refers to (heavily; more so than others) incorporating Neoplatonism
into Christianity; Neoplatonism is thought to be mystical, so that is why mysticism is used.