Sample Midterm for Introduction to Sociology
1. Which of the following believed that Protestantism undermined people's spiritual security?
A. Herbert Spencer B. Karl Marx C. Max Weber D. Emile Durkheim
2. Which of the following is true according to symbol
Sample Quiz SYG 2000
1. Functionalists and conflict theorists focus on the macro level rather than on the micro level.
2. Norms that are not strictly enforced are called folkways.
3. According to the theory of cultural lag, science advances more rapidly t
SYG 2000: Lecture 17. Chapter 6: Labeling, Social Class, and Crime I. Labeling Theory: A. Outlaw Bikers embrace labels(revel in deviant identity) Mark Watson(1988)did partic obs of 1. outlaw bikers see world: as nasty/weak/effeminate;pride in looking dirt
SYG 2000: Lecture 18. Chapter 6: Reactions to Deviance I. Street Crime/Prisons: A. U.S has more prisoners than other nation, but larger percent in prison B. growth in prison pop 1970-2000: 605%, compared to 38% growth in U.S. population C. blacks: make up
SYG 2000: Lecture 19. Chapter 7: An Overview of Social Stratification I. social stratification: way rank large groups people into hierarchy accord to relative privileges A. every society stratifies its members: some have greater inequality than others II.
SYG 2000: Lecture 20. Chapter 7: Stratification and Social Class I. How Did the World's Nations Become Stratified? A. Poor nations have few resources?: many rich, yet Japan few B. industrialization: begin Eng 1750, gives Eur powerful armaments/fast ships
SYG 2000: Lecture 21. Chapter 7: A Social Class Model, Mobility, and Poverty I. Joseph Kahl & Dennis Gilbert's 6-class model: builds on Weber's cat: property/power/prestige A. capitalist class: 1% US pop; owns 40% assets; worth >bot 90% in US; pass to chi
SYG 2000: Lecture 23. Chapter 8: Females as a Minority Group I. Minority group: people discriminated against on basis of phys or cultural characteristics A. gender: primary division b/ people around world/un= access to power/prestige/property B Origin pat
SYG 2000: Lecture 24. Chapter 8: Gender, Glass Ceiling, and Violence I. Fortune 500: only 5 headed by women II. The glass ceiling: mostly invisible barrier that keeps women from advance top levels at work A. fem stereotyped as "good support": steered into
SYG 2000 Final Exam Essay Question (1/3 of final exam grade)
Elaborate different systems of social stratification and alternative sociological explanations for them.
Helpful tip: do practice essay when going through the textbook chapter on social stratifi
Some experts assert that our personalities and who we are is dependent on NUTURE: that is a
web of relationships that make up our lives as social beings.
The process of socialization is the way individuals within society are taught how to behave
Today, a significant fraction of all food-producing land in Australia is still
used for sheep. Sheep farming is ingrained into Australia's cultural identity,
and rural voters whose livelihood depends on sheep are disproportionately
SYG 2000: Lecture 16. Chapter 6: Deviance and Social Interactionism I. Deviance:any violation norms/rules;Chagnon:not act itself, but reactions to it make dev A. relativity of deviance: what deviant to some not to others; dif groups have dif norms 1. Poko
SYG 2000: Lecture 15. Chapter 5: Peer Pressure and Authority I. Effects of Group Size on Attitudes and Behavior: John Darley & Bob Latane exp. A. response to staged epileptic seizure (cry help): found to depend on group size 1. dyad:100% studs rushed to h
SYG 2000 Lecture 2 Chapter 1 Theoretical Perspectives I. Theoretical perspectives in sociology: conceptual frameworks in which facts placed A. theory: gen statement: @ how some parts of world fit together/work; explain how 2 or > facts related to one anot
SYG 2000: Lecture 3. Chapter 1: Research Methods I. Distinctive Features of Social Science Research: A. literature review: 1st step review previous research, often in scholarly journals B. formulate testable hypotheses: state what expect find (predict) ba
SYG 2000: Lecture 4. Chapter 2: What is Culture? I. Culture: lang, beliefs,values,norms,behavior,mat objects, etc. passed from 1 gen to next A.material cult:e.g., jewelry, art,bldgs,weapons,machines,hairstyles,clothing;not natural B. nonmat cult: group's
SYG 2000: Lecture 5. Chapter 2: Subcultures I. Values: standards that define what is desirable/undesirable, good/bad, beautiful/ugly A. norms: expectations or rules of behavior that develop to reflect/enforce values B. sanctions: expression of approval/di
SYG 2000: Lecture 6. Chapter 2: Cultural Universals I. Value clusters:values fitting into larger whole:eg success/individualism/educ/hard work A. value contradiction: when don' t fit, eg racism v. equality, maj source social change II. Emerging Core Value
SYG 2000: Lecture 7. Chapter 3: Socialization: Self I. What is human nature?: how much comes from "nature" (heredity) v "nurture" A. feral (wild) children: abandoned/lost by parents at very early age/raised by animals 1.wild boy of Aveyron:found forests F
SYG 2000: Lecture 8. Chapter 3: Socialization: Emotions and Gender I. Jean Piaget(1896-1980):notice young children give similar wrong answers on IQ test A. concludes: young child use wrong rule to figure out/go thru 4 stage to learn reason: 1. sensimotor
SYG 2000: Lecture 9. Chapter 3: Agents of Socialization and the Life Course I. Changing Images of Women in Mass Media A. Video games socialize their users: e.g. Laura Croft, tomb raider 1. breaks trad gen role: 1st fem in field muscle-ripping, gun-toting
SYG 2000: Lecture 11. Chapter 4: Social Institutions I. Social Institutions: organized/usual/standard ways society meets its basic needs A. eg fam, relig, educ, economics, med, politics, law, science, military, mass media B. dif views media: functionalist
SYG 2000: Lecture 12. Chapter 4: Dramaturgy and Social Construction I. Stereotypes: Mark synder (1993) shows that stereotypes are self-fulfilling A. experiment: fem snapshots given to college men; told meet after tel conversation 1. attractive fem: said e
SYG 2000: Lecture 13. Chapter 5: Societies and Their Transformation I. Societies and their Transformation: A. Groups: people who interact with one another/think themselves belonging together B. society: people who share culture & territory/largest, most c
SYG 2000: Lecture 14. Chapter 5: Groups within Society I. Difference between group, category, and aggregate A. aggregate: individuals who temp share same phys space/don't see belonging together 1. examples: people waiting in checkout line/drivers parked a
SYG 2000 Lecture 1 Chapter 1 Origins of Sociology I. The Sociological Perspective (or imagination): how groups (society) influence people A. society: group of people who share a culture and a territory B. look at social location: e.g. how jobs, inc, educ,