Compare and contrast the views of John Searle and Rene Descartes on
John Searle developed a theory where he recognized there is a mental and a
physical, like substance dualism for Rene Descartes, the difference is that he held
they may be two
Emotivism: ethical sentences dont express propositions but emotional attitudes. (hurrah/boo)
Ethical or Moral Realism: objective features of the world. Moral facts and values are
independent of perception or belief.
Assisted Suicide / Euthanasia
Act Utilitarianism: taking into consideration all the consequences from performing assisted
suicide, from the positive to the negative ones, and knowing that Act Utilitarianism refers to
maximizing happiness regardless the
1. What is an inductive argument? .deductive argument? Give me an example of each.
An inductive argument is one where the author gives a strong enough argument for it to
be improbable that the premises are true and the conclusion false. An inductive argum
Poverty and Hunger: The Singer Solution to World Poverty Peter Singer
*Singer is an act utilitarian
Example with Bob spending on leisure/ non-essential goods, vs. donating to save a life.
Are we morally obligated to give (what we can) to charit
August 25, 2016
Epicurus: The Garden (his school)
Normative Ethical Theories
What you ought to do (action)/ supposed to do/ what kind of person I should be (virtue)
1. Teleological (telos = goal, to an end, point/ purpose): determin
Thomas Hobbs: Contractarianism (Contract Ethics):
September 27, 2016
To understand whats right and wrong, one must think in terms of a hypothetical contract.
According to Hobbes:
Believes humans are completely self-interested.
View is wrong; it is a minim
Hedonism John Stuart Mill
Notes from Reading (At Home)
Happiness is the sole end of human action; it is the judge of human conduct, and is therefore
a criterion of morality
Quality influences quantity (higher and lower pleasures); quality is superior to
St. Thomas Aquinas
September 22, 2016
(Overview) St. Thomas Aquinas (influenced by Aristotle: believed humans have always been, no
creator [Aquinas changes this, there is a creator])
God = Creator
Therefore, we are governed by an Eternal Law.
The standard view:
Active (Intentionally, by lethal
(poisonous) act, death is by this
Passive (not to have medical
care to get well [heroic
measures] no lethal act is
committed by anyone)
Voluntary (choice of person)
Emmanuel Kant: The Good and the Categorical Imperative
(Review) Consequentialism: The view that ONLY consequences matter (morally)
o Act V. Rule
Emmanuel Kant is a NON-consequentialism:
General non-consequentialists beli
Introduction to Ethics
Ethical Objectivists or Realists are those who belief that knowledge regarding morality in our
daily lives can be acquired a long time and experience, in other words, moral values are discovera
Decide if each statement below is true or false based on your own beliefs.
Moral right/wrong is relative to the individual person. Its just opinion/mere bel
Sulaimi Silva, RN
Leslie Menendez, RN
Why Quit Smoking?
Compared with nonsmokers, smoking is
estimated to increase the risk of
Coronary heart disease by 2 to 4 times.
Stroke by 2 to 4 times.
Men developing lung cancer by 23 times.
Difference between Deming and Druckers theory
Father of management?
Different types of leadership (autocratic)
Page 9 Box 1-4
Emotional Intelligence theory
Transformational theory Page 13 (why did it develop? changemission statement)
Running head: CHANGE THEORY
Miami Dade College
This paper has the main purpose of comparing change theories, more specifically Lewin change
theory and Lippitt change theory. The work shows the simil
Running head: LEADERSHIP PAPER
Miami Dade College
Everyone in a directive position going from a CEO to business owner wants to be a
respectable leader, but how can you be a good leader if you do not k
Discuss the concept of absurdity in Albert Camus philosophy.
Albert Camus expressed his philosophy of absurdity through a variety of
essays, articles, and even theater works. For Camus the world is not absurd,
but life is. He sees the world as a thing, ne
Can we know if we have a soul? What about other people or animals?
The veracity of a soul is between the most significant questions of life. Some people
connect the existence of the soul with religion, the idea of a future life, and our belief in
Assuming that Descartes argument works in proving Gods existence; the
ultimate conclusion in premise 6 do not follow his conclusion. If already Gods
existence is proven and he will protect the world from the evil, the world
around us should not depend of
1. Compare and contrast various views of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Taoism.
Hinduism is the collection of faiths that are believed to have originated in India,
but other scholars believe that it was brought to India thousands of years ago by nomadic
Explain some of the benefits a student may gain by studying philosophy.
The benefits a student may gain by studying philosophy starts by understanding the
simple translation of the word, love of wisdom. Understanding the distinction that
Sept. 8, 2016
Feeding the Hungry Jan Narveson
For Narveson, duty, justice= mandatory
We have individual rights and liberty; we owe each other nothing except for non-interference
Justice: respecting individ. rights and liberty (non-interference) and
September 20, 2016
Normative Ethical Theory
ACTion Theories: What am I to do.
Virtue Theories: What kind of person am I to be? -Aristotle
(St. Thomas combines Action & Virtue Theories)
Eudaimonia: happiness flourishing
Aristotle asks: what i
November 30, 2012
October 12, 2012
In this class we discussed what is moral subjectivism. Two important points about
moral subjectivism was that morals are individual attitudes and that there are no obje
23 October, 2012
Philosophy Paper 2
In The Singer Solution to World Poverty, Peter Singer offers Americans a solution that
can prevent many people from dying by simply donating our excess wealth to people who need
A Choice for Women
The legality of abortions has been an ongoing issue for years and will continue to be for
many years to come. However, a solution is actually possible. Its quite understandable why this
issue is so controversial in the 21st
What Is Goodness?
When we think about what makes a good person good, many things come to mind. We
can use introspection to understand what we as individuals accept to be good or we may even
look at our role models and attempt to exe
Yaunek Murray 1
Paper 1 Egoism
In relation to the subject of moral theory, egoism is the idea that ones morality and
decision making procedure is based on an actions benefit to oneself. An egoist would be
characterized by making for the most part
Notes from Reading (At Home)
(Notes from class, in red)
Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism J.J.C. Smart
Extreme Utilitarianism/ Act Utilitarianism (modern label): makes the morality of actions
depend entirely on their results; results that will yield t
Emotivism- claim that there no moral truths and that moral statements are neither false
but simply expressions or outbursts of feelings.
Ethical realism- ethical values are created by, or are relative to, the people who hold th
Imagine being one of the 400,5401 children in a foster home in the United States of
America waiting for a loving family to come along and accept you as part of their lives. Tha
Position Paper Assignment
Giving preferences among equally qualified applicants is unethical. Back in 1964 the
United States created the Affirmative Action as an active effort to im
Position Paper Assignment
Physician-assisted suicide is ethical. Physician assisted suicide is when the doctor
provides the patient with the medication to end his or her life, but t