The easy rule to remember is that verbs in
sentences must agree with their subjects.
The difficulty arises when you dont know
what your subject is!
Prepositions are followed by objects and
objects CANNOT be subjects in sentences.
Between the tre
Lie and lay
I lie down today. Present.
I lay down yesterday. Past
I have lain under that tree many times. Past Perfect
I lay the book on the table today.
I laid the book on the table yesterday.
I have laid the book on the table many times.
Transitive, Intransitive, Linking and
Auxiliary which is also called Helping.
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs are
Transitive Verbs are ALWAYS followed by
Intransitive Verbs Intransitive verbs are
action verbs foll
1) SENTENCE TYPES:
Simple: one independent clause
The dog ran down the road around the corner
and into the house.
Compound: two independent clauses
The dog ran down the road, and I ran into the
For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Complex: one i
FIVE USEFUL WAYS TO JOIN IDEAS
(1) INDEPENDENT CLAUSE
(2) INDEPENDENT CLAUSE.
(3) INDEPENDENT CLAUSE
(4) INDEPENDENT CLAUSE.
Pronouns stand in for nouns
Six types of pronouns
Personal pronouns stand in for a person,
The beloved comma
Use a comma to separate two independent clauses
connected by a coordinating conjunction. (For and nor but
or yet so FANBOYS)
He hit the ball well, but he ran towards third
Remember: A compound predicate (two or more ve
Types of Sentences
The dog is running down the street. A simple sentence
has one subject (dog) and one verb (is running). It has
one independent clause and no dependent clauses.
It can have more than one subject and more than one
A clause is a group of related words that has
both a subject and a verb.
There are two types of clauses
Also called subordinate clauses
Usually follow a subordinating conjunction
Gerunds were verbs, but now they are
They always end in "ing."
As a verb: He is running down the street.
As a gerund: Running is my favorite sport.
1) As a subject:
Swimming is fun.
2) As a direct object:
I love swimming.
3) As the object of a p
VERBS AND VERBALS
Transitive verbs are action verbs and they
are followed by direct objects.
Direct objects are nouns that receive the action in
the transitive verb.
Direct objects answer the question What? or Who?
The professor hit the
A noun is:
a person (Carlos)
a place (the beach)
a thing (that chair)
an idea (freedom)
Nouns answer the question who or
6 types of nouns
Object of a preposition
Object of a verbal
Nouns and pronouns come in different
cases: Subjective, objective and possessive
He, she, it.they
Who and whoever can be either singular or
When a pronoun is initiating the action as a
subject, it is subjective cas
Grammar Workshop Study Guide
There are four verbs you must know: linking, auxiliary/ helping, intransitive and
Linking: (5 SENSES) The connecting verb that is a predicate noun, pronoun, or an
adjective. Linking verbs do not express acti