Realism is often a contrast to idealism, or more so a contrast to the paradigms to
liberalism and marxism
realism claims a long intellectual pedigree going back to Thucydides, Machiavelli,
Hobbes, and Rousseau.
The ideas of realism domin
THE BASICS: EXAM #1
1. According to Kenneth Waltz, theory is a simplification, a mental picture, a creative idea,
and an abstraction.
2. The members of the American Committee were associated with realism; Morgenthau,
Kennan, Nieburh, Wolfers, etc.
Realists insist on tapping into timeless wisdom about how politics works.
Realists construct themselves starting with Ancient Greece.
Plato and Aristotle focused on building better societies.
was between representatives of Athenian mil
Realism & Naturalism Notes
All notes are taken from Adventures in American Literature. Please cite Adventures for both quotations AND
facts. Page numbers are taken from the brown Adventures in American Literature books (Heritage Edition
I. Standard realist assumptions about international relations
II. Lebows subtle and unorthodox views of realism
III. Brown and Ainleys Theories of the state
IV. A Case Study
I. Standard classical realist assumptions about international
Neo Marxist Development Theories
Level of Analysis: Individual, people are goal
oriented and rational
-Unit of analysis based on domestic national
Level of Analysis: Systematic/Macro/Global
-Unit of analysis
Theory of International Relations
Greek word Theory: shine light upon something. Theory is just an explanatory tool. You come
up with theories to explain why things happen. It is a focus on understanding. In social sciences
it is the understanding of huma
THE SCHOOLS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Concepts of International Relations
A state has absolute power over its own territory
This power is only limited by the sovereigns own obligations towards other
Through the degree o
Constructivists hold that most phenomena found in world politics - such as state sovereignty,
national identity, legitimacy, ideologies and political institutions - are the result of social action
(i.e., constructed) and therefore not immuta
Liberalism is a perspective on international politics which views the state as the unit of analysis,
but also includes international law, international organizations and nongovernmental
organizations as increasingly important factors in world p
Neorealism is a branch of Classical Realism. Kenneth Waltz outlined this theory in his 1979
book Theory of International Politics. It has been one of the more dominant international
relations theory of the last decade. Neorealism throws away any notions o
Brian C. Schmidt author of On the History and Historiography of International Relations,
writes his article on the perception of international relations history. He explains the
understandings of the fields as it is seen currently. He states that there is
I. Assumptions of the neo-liberalism
II. Collective action as a key problem
III. Preoccupations of neo-liberals
IV. The WTO as a case
-Like other liberals, neo-liberals are interested in global governance. But, they wish to
Liberalism and IR
I. Key liberal assumptions and precursors
II. International trends and violent conflicts
III. Democracies and war
IV. Positive feedback loops and the EU experience
V. China and the USa liberal vision
I. Key liberal assumptions
Liberal Feminism: goes back to earliest 20th century, focused on legal rights, that women should
have same legal rights as men.
Marxism has had a significant influence on feminism, the oppression of women they say is due
to the economic structures of capi
Constructivists: What they mostly focus on, is the very broad plain that certain INR concepts,
social constructions, our basic foundational concepts that we do not even think about, that we
take for granted, they want to pry that open, such as anarchy and
Governments are complied with different interest.
It comes down to the use of Military Force.It is effective and useable.
Different type of powers for different situations.
*Know Political Processes under conditions of Realism and Complex I
Edward Hallett "Ted" Carr
Carr is a hard-core leftist, but his realism led him to conclude that appeasement of the
Germans was the right thing to do.
Sociology of Knowledge was a fashionable movement in early 20th century a lot of what you
think to be rig
Critical Theory Approach started out in Germany when they realized that contrary to all the
predictions in Marxism, that workers actually supported the Fascists.
Dialectic Enlightenment- the idea that you have something that comes into conflict with its
If you have influence over somebody they can still say no.
If you have power over somebody you can make them do what you want.the cost of saying no
is too great.
We shouldn't confused power and force. if you have to resort to force, then your power has
Keohane & Nye: Interdependence in World Politics
Keohane and Nye: Wanted to go back and look at the interests of states, there is mutual
dependence of interests. States are dependent on each other for things. The more dependant you
are on other states, th
The state is an institution, states make the rules for themselves
its not as bad as realists say, but not as good as idealists say
international order: there will be conflicts between order and justice, trying to transform the
international system to make
power is the mean for the end of security
in classical realism: power is a mean is and end, constant strive for security
former engineer- so he wanted to build the best theory with the fewest pa
1984 gas disaster
On December 3rd, 1984, thousands of people in Bhopal, IndiIa, were gassed to death after a
catastrophic chemical leak at a Union Carbide pesticide plant. More than 150,000 people (1) were left
severely disabled of whom 22,000 (2) have si