GLY 1010 Study Guide for Final
Know the difference between active and passive continental margins and where
each are found.
Remember the order and characteristics of the continental shelf-slope-rise.
Know the following terms: bat
3 Types of most common
Calcite, Silica and iron oxide
3 types of uncomformity
(1) Disconformity (2) angular
conformity (3) nonconformity
is the mechanical scraping of a rock surface by friction
between rocks and moving particles during th
Chapter 21- Global Climate Change
The climate system includes:
Stratosphere (Where ozone layer is)
Mesosphere (Coldest temps)
Thermosphere (No defined upper limit)
Cryosphere (Ice and
13.1 What is the submerged portion of the
continent fall, from the shore to the slope?
13.2 Where does 80% of
volcanism take place?
13.3 Where would you find a
Submarine fan, located at the rise found
Study Guide for Midterm 1
Understand the principle of uniformitarianism.
Understand the law of superposition (also remember for chapter 9).
Know the age of the Earth.
Understand the scientific method: observation, hypothesis, and t
Importance of platw tectonics
Plate tet is a unifying theory that provides explanations for:
Earths major surface processes
Distribution of earthquakes volcanoes and mountains
Distribution of ancient organisims and mineral deposits
Development of the conc
Magma cools and crystalizes to become an igneous rock
Igneous ricks: formas molten rock (magma) cools and solidifies
General characteristics of magma
Partial melting of rocks
Magma at surface is called lava
Most common volatiles in magma:
"'m YJZ a bjgm Chapter 5 Investigation Worksheet
To complete this worksheet, see the instructions in the textbook (Chapter 5 investigation).
Table 1. Interpretation of Features, Tectonic Settings, and Causes of Melting
For each site on gure 5.15.al in the
Continental rise is a thick accumulation of sediment from the continental slope on top of oceanic crust
Turbidity Current: Underwater avalanches mixed with rocks and other debris.
Active Continental Margins:
Distribution of natural resources
Which layer of the earth liquid outer core. /
3 chemical layer are crust mantle and core
5 physical lithosphere (mantle) methosphere lower mantel outer and inner core
Oceanic crust (salt)
Core has ir
Earth Science. email@example.com email
Formation of the solar system and the Earth
Formation and classification of minerals and rocks.
External and internal Earth processes, volcanos.
GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
Geology: The scien
Numerical Dates specify the number of years that have passed since an event occurred
i.e the limestone is 250 million years old
Relative dates place rocks in a sequence of formation
i.e the hermit shale is older than the Coconino Sandstone.
Chapter 4 Earth Materials
Mineral: Solid, Natural, Inorganic, ordered internal structure, specific chemical composition.
Rock: a solid mass of minerals or mineral-like matter that occurs naturally.
Glass: neither rock nor mineral / no internal molecular s
Difference between Maps and chart?
Charts are used for ships and
Maps for direction
Latitude north or south equator
Longitude east to west. 15 degrees
-Tropic of Cancer
- Tropic of Capricorn
Be able to
Chapter 5 Igneous rocks
The cooling rate does not affect the composition but it affects the texture of the igneous rock.
The fastest it cools the smoother the texture.
Vesicular: the ones that have a bunch of holes. Vesicles are created by air bubbles.
Chapter 7 Sedimentary Environments and Rocks
-Sediments rocks cover 75% of Earth.
-5 % of earths outer 10 miles.
-Contain evidence of past environments:
Sedimentary rocks are products of mechanical and chemical weathering:
Sediments and soluble constitu
Chapter 3 Plate tectonics
Earth major surface processes
Distribution of earthquakes, volcanoes, and mountains
Distribution of ancient organisms.
Pangea was the first mega continent that started breaking and became all the continents now
Numerical and relative dating
Relative dating: it just gives an order of the rocks
Numerical order, it comes with radioactive decay.
James Hutton the father of modern geology he created the definition of uniformitarianism. The present
is the key to the pa
Chapter 6 Volcanoes:
Earth is the only planet with volcanoes in our solar system.
All eruptions involve magma:
Magma is molten rock that usually contains some crystal
Lava is erupted magma
Factors affecting viscosity:
Temp hotter magma less viscous
Chapter 8 metamorphism of rocks:
Chemically active fluids
Mainly water with other volatile components
Enchanced migration of ios
It describes the size shape and arrangement of mineral grains.