1. One reason that it is important to study Egypt is because - it is that it is an Islamic society and
today everyone needs to know something about Islam
2. During its long history Egypt has changed is language and religion three times
3. The Islam
- A social group towards which an individual feels loyalty and respect, usually
due to membership in the group
- The loyalty manifests itself as ingroup bias.
- Edward Said
- A way of coming to terms with the orient that is based on th
What is Religion?
- We looked at different definitions.
- Rudolf Otto: experience of the _
- Two negative definitions of religion:
- Sigmund Freud: Religion is comparable to _ _
- Genetic fallacy: confusing the _ of religion an expla
SYP notes 9/10-9/12
Paradigms- philosophical and theoretical framework of a scientific school or
discipline within which theories, laws and generalizations and the experiments
performed in support of them are formulated.
What a Paradigm does
-Orders the w
Week 3 Questions
What contemporary technological innovation helped diffuse the
ideas of the Reformation? printing press
Theology as a discipline arising in the Middle Ages combined
study of the nature of God and religious truth and rational inqu
Week 2 Quiz
A Natural Experiment of History is important because,
The Maori who colonized the Chatham Islands reverted to a
hunter-gatherer society because, climate
The Maori who remained on the northern island of New Zealand,
According to Charon, value judgments are cultural assumptions and rely on our
Andersson and pearson define workplace incivility as low intensity deviant
behavior with ambiguous intent to harm the target, in violation of workpl
According to Kivisto, what happened on July 15, 1972 at 3:32 p.m.?
Georg Simmels major contribution to modernity theory was: philopsophy of
money/city (metropolis) & tempered optimism
Robert Parks major contributi
A person who violates or opposes societys most valued norms is termed Deviant
A violation of established contextual, cultural, and social norms Deviance
Week 1 Quiz
1. According to Charon, a society is: thesocialpatternsthatvedevelopedonlyworkfor
2. A social structure is: thedistinctive,stablearrangementofinstitution
The Criminal Justice System
The term "criminal justice system" became prominent around 1967, when the
_ launched a nationwide study of the nation's crime problem.
a. Wickersham Commission
b. Law Enforcement Assistance Admin
Developmental Theories: Life Course
The integrative methodology in the early research of _ formed the
basis of today's developmental approach.
a. James Q. Wilson and Richard
b. Eleanor Glueck and
The Nature and Extent of Crime
The Uniform Crime Report is a primary source of crime data collected by the:
a. National Institute of Justice.
b. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
c. Federal Bureau of Investigat
Public Order Crimes
_ are behaviors outlawed because they are a threat to the general
well-being of society and challenge accepted moral principles.
a. Moral order crimes
b. Civic deviances
c. Public orde
Enterprise Crime: White-Collar
Crime, and Organized
Crimes of the marketplace are referred to as _ crime and include whitecollar
crime, cyber crime and organized crime.
Fifteenth and sixteenth century foreign mercenary troops looted and pillaged
English and French country sides because they felt such theft was:
ordered by their kings.
not damaging to the ric
Social Conflict and Critical Criminology
According to conflict theorists, societal conflict promotes crime by:
a. creating a social atmosphere in which the law is a mechanism for
controlling have-not members of society.
Violent Crime: Personal and Political
Personal traits can account for violent behavior. Psychologist Dorothy Ottnow
Lewis found that murderous youths often suffer signs of:
a. genetic impairments.
b. intellectual dysfunctio
Social Process Theories
Social process theories share one basic concept. Which is it?
a. All people, regardless of their race, class, or gender, are basically good.
b. All people, regardless of their race, class, or gender,
_ reflects the view that criminality is a product of abnormal biological
or psychological traits.
a. Rational choice
b. Trait theory
Social Structure Theory
Social strata are created by the unequal distribution of wealth. While the
upper-class is exceptionally well-to-do, _ people live in poverty in
Choice Theory: Because They Want To
Rational choice theory has roots in the _ school of criminology
developed by the Italian social thinker, Cesare Beccaria.
Crime and Criminology
The academic discipline of criminology uses scientific methods to study
the_ of criminal behavior.
a. nature, extent, cause, and control c. prevalence, placement, and
b. history, economics, an
Victims and Victimization
What discovery prompted the scientific study of victims?
a. the discovery that society focuses on the offender's role in the crime
b. the discovery that victims play an important role in the
Chapter 1 The Sociological Imagination Review
Summary of Core Concepts
This chapter introduces the sociological perspective and gives special emphasis to the twin
forces of globalization and glocalization, which shape virtually every aspect of our daily l
Veiga 1 Is third world immigration a threat to the American way of life? Migration has been an ongoing phenomena from past to present. Individuals, families, or groups of people may leave a country voluntarily or involuntarily because of events: harsh env