The problem of order
Social order: actions between individuals are predictable, orderly, patterned,
and based on rules
Necessary for continuity of society (and all other forms of social
A question of balance
Too little order: anarchy at
The importance of social organization
Social action takes place when an individual orients his or her
action with respect to another individual or other people
Mutual social action, with ongoing adjustments of behavior
Introduction to Sociology Notes
What is sociology?
A discipline: one of many professional fields of academic research
A perspective: a particular approach to analyzing human behavior
A set of inter-related ideas: serving a
Charon and Vigilant: Culture is a perspective on the world that people
come to share as they interact.
The United States is a society whose people share a culture.
And within the United States, each community, each formal