Reproductive Concept Guide
1. Describe the homologous reproductive structures of males and females.
a. Glans (clitoris and penis which are comprised of erectile tissue), corpora
cavernosum, urethral sponge, bulb, and crus
b. Urogenital cavity, G-spot, ure
Pregnancy and Development Concept Guide
1. How does fertilization occur?
a. After the sperm penetrates the secondary oocyte, the oocyte completes Meiosis
II, forming the ovum and second polar body
b. Sperm and ovum nuclei swell, forming pronuclei
Trachea - Part of conducting zone, carries air to the main bronchi, lined with cilia and
produces mucus to rid passage of debris. Walls of trachea are reinforced with Cshaped cartilaginous rings that serve a double function: 1: incomplete
Lymphatic - Immune Guide
1. Define and name the nonspecific/innate and specific/adaptive body defenses.
2. Define immunity
3. Define and name the nonspecific/innate body defense mechanisms.
4. What is the bodys first line of defense?
5. Name the nonspecif
What is the function of the reproductive system? The male function is to
produce and deliver sperm. The female produces the eggs. Therefore both the
sperm from the male and the egg from the female can produce a fertilized
What is served during a vas
1. Define immunity.
a. Ability of the body to resist many agents (both living and nonliving) that can cause
disease; resistance to disease
2. Define and name the nonspecific/innate and specific/adaptive body defenses.
a. Innate (nonspecifi
This is intended as a guide for studying. We may not have gone through all the information in class but
all the information is to be found in the textbook and/or class.
1. Describe the function of the digestive system, and differentiate
This is intended as a guide for studying. We may not have gone through all the information in
class but all the information is to be found in the textbook and/or class or a little research.
1. Describe the gross anatomy and the functions
Chapter 13 Topics
Know how to label each step in the bacteriophage replication cycle and look over short answer
questions 1, 2, 5, 8, and 9 at the end of the chapter. Look over critical thinking questions 2 and 6
at the end of the chapter. Know the follow
Chapter 14 Infection and Infectious Disease
Look over short answer questions 1-3 and 5-8 at the end of the chapter. Look over critical
thinking questions 2, 5, 7, and 8 at the end of the chapter. Know the following terms:
Bodily fluid transmission- spread
Chapter 7 Topics Exam #3
Be familiar with the following:
Mutations a change in the nucleotide base sequence of a genome, particularly its genes
o Spontaneous why are they rare?
Mutations occurring naturally during the life of an organism
Since the ave
22 March 2017
1) What is H.R. 861? What is its current support in the house/senate, and is it likely to be passed?
H.R. 861 is a Bill proposed early February 2017 to terminate the Environmental Protection Agency.
Chapter 1 Topics
Look over short answer questions 1, 3, 4, and 8 10 at the end of the chapter. Look over critical
thinking questions 1 5, 9, and 12 at the end of the chapter. Know the following terms:
Biology in Music
My future career pertains to music. One of the things I want to do is tour the country
performing with professional choirs. Any professional, classically trained singer knows its not
all about the voice; we have to pay much a
Name: Haemophilus Influenzae (Hib)
Disease caused: Bacterial Meningitis
Affects: Hib causes an infection in the covering of the brain and spinal cord. Symptoms
include nausea, confusion, and headaches. Permanent damages can include hearing
Pro and Con: Should Gene Editing Be Performed on Human Embryos?
(John Harris- National Geographic, 2016)
This article discusses whether or not gene editing
1 cup Rice, brown, regular,
cooked (with salt and
1 cup Fruit salad, with yogurt
1 cup Salad, Asian chicken,
crispy noodles, lettuce,
tangerine, almonds, no
1 tablespoon Hummus
1 cup (8 fl oz) Water, tap
1 chip(s) Pita
A Tour through a Cell
1. There are light microscopes and there are electron microscopes. Microscopes function
by using magnification and resolution. By magnification we mean that they enlarge an
objects appearance. By resolution we mean that they
1. Thomas H. Morgan was the first man to associate a specific gene with a specific
chromosome. Morgan crossed fruit flies the same way as Mendel crossed pea plants
and found that the results in the F2 offspring was not the same as tha
1. For a molecule to be organic, it has to contain carbon. Most organic molecules contain
hydrogen in addition to carbon. Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and sodium make up 96 %
of the human body. Carbon is the ideal atom for b
DNA and replication
1. Frederick Griffiths transformation experiments managed to show that only the
nucleus contain genetic material. He showed that dead pathogenic bacteria could
convert live non-pathogenic bacteria to pathogenic bacteria. He ca
Meiosis and Reproduction
1. Sexual reproduction produces genetic diversity and asexual reproduction does not.
Asexual reproduction only requires one organism while sexual reproduction requires
one male organism and one female organism. Animals, p
Mendel and Heredity
1. Gregor Mendel was an Austrian monk who is seen as the father of modern day
genetics. He did the first studying of inheritance in the 19th century. Mendels
experiments helped us to understand that the blending model of inher
Cell Division and Cancer
1. The functions of cell division are: reproduction, which can be through mitosis,
meiosis, and binary fission; developmental growth, which is through mitosis; and
renewal, which is also through mitosis. Eukaryotic somati
The Chemistry of Life
1. Matter is anything that takes up space and/or volume. It can take the forms of solid,
liquid, gas, or plasma. Mass is a measure of how much matter an object has, and
weight is a measure of how strongly gravity pulls it do
Darwin and Evolution
1. Some early ideas about evolution were a few thousand years old, inhabited by
organisms that have not changed since they were put on earth by a creator. Ancient
Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle argued against evolutio
Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology
1. Genetic engineering is the artificial manipulation of genes. Scientists can give genes
from one species to another because all species have DNA and it is chemically the
same in all species. Some early prac
From Gene to Protein
1. Genes contain information to make proteins. The DNA is what encodes the
information. The information is de-coded and produce different kinds of protein that is
used in multiple and diverse ways. The proteins run almost eve