Produces identical daughter cells
It must occur accurately in order for cells for cells to function properly
Mitosis is a continuous process but it is divided into
Student note on chromosomes:
Five functions of Lipids:
Long term energy storage
Protection against heat loss
Protection against physical shock
Protection against water loss
Chemical messengers (hormones)
A fancy word for fat is a Triglyceride
III. Cell Types
There Are Two Main Types of Cells:
Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes
Examples include bacteria and cyanobacteria such as blue-green algae.
Lack a Nucleus
No membrane bound organelles: such as Mitochondria, Chloroplasts and Golgi.
Some Enzymes were discovered
convention of using ase
and have different sounding names
such as trypsin or zymogen.
So how do enzymes work?
Enzymes speed up the cells chemical reactions by lowering the free energy
The Immortal Henrietta Lacks
Mitosis Functions in Growth and Cell Replacement
Cells from adults can divide only about 1030 times
Cell division is tightly controlled by cyclins, regula
V. Nucleic acids
thymine (T) - uracil (U) RNA
DNA - double helix
More to come on the nucleic acids DNA and RNA when we look at Genetics,
the study of Huma
maltose = glucose + glucose
(Malt sugar used in fermentation processes)
sucrose = glucose + fructose
(The transport form of sugar in plants)
lactose = glucose + galactose
(The type of sugar found in a mammals breast milk)
Dehydration Synthesis o
Are a major component of all cell membranes.
Are a group of chemicals that are used in our cells as chemical
messengers. Examples include hormones such as estrogen and
IV. Proteins (Polypeptides)
Proteins are large polymers are mad
I. Organic Compounds
Compounds that contain CARBON are
B. Macromolecules are large organic
Carbon can bond with many elements, including hydrogen, oxygen,
phosphous, sulfur and nitrogen
Separates monomers by adding water.
Organic compounds that are made up of C, H and O with a 2:1 ratio of H
They range from small sugar molecules to large starch molecules.
Honors Biology Final Exam Study Guide
Chapter 6 Cellular Respiration
1. What is the main function of cellular respiration
In cellular respiration O2 as glucose is broken down to CO2 and H2O.
The cell captures the energy released in ATP.