Blitzkrieg/Sitzkrieg First means lightning war. Blitz was a
tactic used by Germany which was sending in large, heavily
armed columns by ground and using a ton of aerial bombings to
beat the opponent into submission. Used in Poland and later in
Blue Horizon Chamber Right after WWI, France elected a
very conservative government, just like they had done following
other major conflicts like the Napoleonic wars. Because many
of them were military officers in blue uniforms they got this
Sudetenland Edge of Czechoslovakia where there were a lot
Germans. Used to be part of Germany and Hitler wanted it
back. He provoked the Czech police by having the Germans
there rebel so he had the justification to come in and take it.
Brought about the
Stavinsky Affair Stravisky was a gangster with political
connections. There was some scheme of his that was
uncovered and he committed suicide, but then there was a
cover-up apparently by the government. It became a rallying
point for the right wing fact
Ramsay MacDonald Leader of the first Labour Party ministry
ever. They received the second largest number of votes during
post war era. He wanted social reforms, not communistic
seizure of property. His main goal was to present the country
with a respecta
Sinn Fein Political movement in Ireland. Almost all the Irish
parliamentary members once elected refused to sit. Instead
they stayed in Ireland and declared Irish independence.
IRA Irish Republican Army. They were formed from the Sinn
Fein. They fought w
Night of Long Knives This was a single night where the
SS in Germany attacked Jewish buildings and businesses.
They destroyed huge amounts of property, made the Jews pay
for it themselves, and also arrested thousands more.
SS These were the security unit
Remilitarization of Rhineland This was a direct violation of
the Treaty of Versailles and was a good opportunity to stop
Hitler, but the League didnt. It was a big risk of Hitlers but it
paid off. The League had a good opportunity to crush him
Volk Meant the German people specifically race. Hitler
intended to unite them under one nation. The Volk came from
many places like Austria.
Lebensraum German for living space. This became Hitlers
official reason for expansion - more living space for the
Thomas Masaryk President of Czechoslovakia, the only
successful democratic successor state. He was honest and fair.
His nation also had a good economy, a substantial middle
class, and a tradition of liberal values.
Englebert Dollfuss Christian Socialist.