Review for Congress and Presidency Test
1. What is meant by a safe district?
A safe district is a district in which incumbents (person already holding an elective
office) win by margins of 55% or more.
2. What is gerrymandering?
Gerrymandering is drawing
Reapportionment: Under Court Control?
Reapportionment is the process of redrawing congressional district lines once every ten
years. In the earlier years, the courts viewed reapportionment as a process that wasnt their concern.
However, from the 1950s and
1. Define and explain the concept of the imperial Presidency as put forth by Arthur
Schlensinger Jr., 1972.
The term imperial presidency became popularized in the 1960s and was used by Arthur
Schlensinger Jr. to describe the modern pre
For Loose Construction
The Supreme Court justice, William J. Brennan Jr., proclaims that the Courts should
loosely interpret the Constitution in order to make decisions that are appropriate for present times.
He first explores the amended Constitution of
Barret, Ted. "Reid Pushes to Break Filibusters of 17 Judges." CNN Politics. N.p., 12 Mar. 2012.
Reid Pushes to Break Filibusters of 17 Judges
CNN Politics: The Senate Majority Leader, Harry Reid (democrat), aims to break the
1. Apportionmentdrawing the boundaries of legislative districts so that they are equal, or
proportional, to the population
2. Appropriatea legislative grant of money to finance a government program or agency
3. Bipartisanthe agreement
1. What are the different kinds of media in the U.S.? What are the latest forms?
The different kinds of media in the U.S. include the television, the internet, the radio,
newspapers, and magazines. Television and the internet are key parts
Chapter 11Interest Groups
1. What does it mean to lobby?
To lobby means attempting to influence policy based upon ones interests.
2. Why are interest groups so common in the U.S.? (Madison, Federalist 10)
Interest groups are so common in the U.S. because
Chapter 10Elections and Campaigns
1. What are the major differences between Presidential and Congressional campaigns?
The major differences between Presidential and Congressional campaigns are size (more
participate in Presidential campaigns), competitive
Chapter 9Political Parties
1. What does it mean that American Political Parties are decentralized?
American Political Parties are decentralized, meaning they are getting weaker. This is
because political parties are closely regulated by state and federal
Chapter 8Political Participation
1. What causes low voter turnout in the U.S.?
The burden that comes from voter-registration regulations causes the low voter turnout in the
U.S. This is because many of these regulations make it difficult for certain group