STUDY GUIDE EXAM 1
I hope the following study guide will assist you in preparing for your exam. The exam is fairly conceptual. Please make sure you are studying
concepts and not simply engaging in rote memorization of terms.
Exam 1 will cover material fro
Chapter 9 Objectives
Please discuss 1, 3 and 4 and choose 2 others. Be sure to address the command
terms appropriately (i.e. compare and contrast what is similar and what is
different). Unless a definition is asked for, do not simply define. Answers that
Wundt- first formal laboratory/consciousness/ father or modern psychology
Stanley Hall- first research laboratory/first psychology journal/ created APA/first
Edward Titchener- Structuralism-analyzes consciousness into basic elements and
Independent variable- variable being manipulated by experimenter
Dependent variable- measurable outcome or resulting effect of the manipulated
Cofounding variable- variables that can not be controlled
Participant bias- Subject acts the way they b
1.) Naturalistic observation is used to analyze behavior without changing any of the
variables. Also, it is used to test subjects in their natural habitats. The weaknesses
with this are that people could act differently due to the fact they know youre
Cerebellum: The cerebellum is responsible for movement, balance and posture.
When youre driving a car the cerebellum will help you to understand the process of
how to do it. When youre driving and the light is yellow then all of a sudden turns
red then th
You must do 1, 3 and 5 and two others of your choice.
1.Identify and apply basic motivational concepts to understand the behavior of
humans and other animals (instincts, incentives, intrinsic versus extrinsic
Response: An instinct is an autom
1.) Distinguish general differences between principles of classical conditioning,
operant conditioning, and observational learning
Response: In classical conditioning the principles focus on involuntary and
automatic behaviors. In operant conditioning the
Cognition (Chapter 7 & 8) Objectives
Please give a thorough response to objectives 1, 2, 3, 5 and 8. You MUST address
the command terms (i.e. compare/contrast) in order to get full credit.
1. Compare and contrast various cognitive processes:
1.) Discuss basic principles of sensory transduction, including absolute
threshold, difference threshold, signal detection, and sensory adaptation.
Response: There are many basic principles that contribute to sensory
transduction. To name a few: absolute
1. Identify basic processes and systems in the biological bases of
behavior, including parts of the neuron and the process of
transmission of a signal between neurons (in detail).
Response: The different parts of the neuron and the brain are 2 main
Development of Empathy During Preoperational Stage
Running Head: DEVELOPMENT OF EMPATHY DURING PREOPERATONAL STAGE
My Personal Development of Empathy During Piaget's Preoperational Stage of Child
Development of Emp