Election Results-One way to measure public opinion on an issue is election
results. If voters elect a candidate they probably agree with many of a
candidates ideas. However, people vote for candidates for many reasons.
Public Opinion Polls-A survey in whi
Public Opinion and Government
What is public opinion?
How is public opinion measured?
Public Opinion-The ideas and attitudes that people hold about elected
officials, candidates, government, and political issues.
Executive Order-A rule or command the president gives that has the force of
Pardon-A declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment.
Reprieve-An order to delay a persons punishment until a higher court can
hear the case.
Executive Office of the President (EOP)
Set up under Franklin Roosevelt in 1939.
Purpose is to help the president do his job.
Today there are nearly 2000 employees.
Budget equals $4oo million dollars.
The Presidents Chief of staff oversees the EOP.
How are the Federal Courts Organized?
What is the selection process for federal judges?
What is the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
Federal Court System
The Supreme Court, the court of appeals, and the district courts
Treaty-A formal agreement between the governments of two or more
Executive agreement- Agreement between the President and the leader of
Trade Sanctions- an effort to punish another nation by imposing trade
Types of Government
What are the types of government?
Types of Government Systems
Democracy- In a representative democracy, citizens choose a group of people
to represent them, make laws, and govern on their behalf.
The Constitution also allows Congress to remove from office any federal
official accused of wrongdoing. This is a two-step process.
The House of Representatives has the power to impeach or accuse officials of
wrong doing in office. A majority vote is need
Two Houses of Congress
The framers of the constitution wanted to create a congress with the power to
Delegates wanted each state to have equal representation.
Those from the larger states wanted votes in Congress to be based on
Age of Enlightenment
Origins of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment grew out of the Scientific Revolution of the 1500s and 1600s.
If people used reason to find laws that governed the physical world, why not use reason to
discover natural laws?
Why not app
The Senate has 100 members with two Senators for each state.
Each Senator represents his or her entire state.
Serve six-year terms.
Elections are staggered so that no more than one-third of the Senators are
running for reelection at any one time.
650 District Court Judges.
Each Appeals Court has 6 to 28 judges.
Supreme Court has 9 judges.
Supreme Court Judges use the title judges.
The President appoints federal judges and the Senate approves them.
Vacancies arise when a judge resign