2nd World History
The Religious Movement
After Crusades happened, Muslims controlled the Holy Land. The Holy Land was a very important
place for three major monotheistic religions, such as Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. Feudalism was
1st hour Civics
The Reform Party of the United States of America
(RPUSA) is a political party in the United States, founded in 1995 by Ross Perot.
Perot said Americans were disillusioned with the state of politics
as being corru
Egypt is located on the Nile River
The Nile begins in the Highlands of
Ethiopia with two branches:
The White Nile and the Blue Nile
These rivers unite and flow north where
they empty into the Mediterranean Sea.
Where the river empties into the Nile it
Athens vs. Sparta
Sparta was mainly an agricultural land because of its inland location. The most important imports were
metals. In Sparta, men were mainly warriors; others were slaves. Their economy was mainly based on
Athens economy was dep
The crusades were a series of military expeditions between Christian and Muslim states
in the Middle East, lasting from 1095 to 1291. The word "Crusade" is related to the word
"Cross", and means a Christian holy war. There is also the Arabic word "Jihad",
Chapter 39 Study Guide
1. What did the Tat-Hartley Act outlaw? What did it make unions liable for?
What did it require union leaders to do? It outlawed closed (allunion)
shop, made unions liable for damages that resulted from
Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis was born on July 28, 1929 in the town of
Southampton, New York. Jackies father was a very successful New York stockbroker, and her
mother was a talented equestrienne. Jackie had a younger sister, named Caroline, and
Franklin D. Roosevelt was first elected into the presidential office in 1933, but he
held this title for four terms. The reason he was able to do this was because of the relief
he provided in the times of the Great Depression. His work with the Hundre
Chapter 13: The Rise of a Mass Democracy, 1824-1840
A. The Corrupt Bargain of 1824
1. As James Monroe, the last of the Virginia dynasty, complete his second term; four candidates
towered above the others: John Quincy Adams of Massachusetts, Henry Clay of
Chapter 9 Study Guide
1. Who founded the worlds first antislavery society?
Quakers from Philadelphia, in 1775.
2. What was the important outcome for women after the Rev. war?
A womans role in the house was now considered important, because they were
Chapter 7 Study Guide
1. John Hancock: From Massachusetts; signed the Declaration of Independence very
big. Was known as the King of Smugglers because he became rich by smuggling
goods for trade while the Navigation Acts were in place.
2. Lord North: The
Chapter 5 Study Guide
1A. Jonathan Edwards: John was a pastor from Northampton, Massachusetts, who
started the Great Awakening. People thought he was possibly the deepest
theological mind ever raised in America. He told of what Hell looked like and
1. John Calvin was a strict religious leader from Geneva who supported and
strengthened Martin Luthers religious ideas. Calvin impacted the personalities
and thoughts of generations of unborn Americans. Calvinism affected many
religious views fr
1. Jamestown, Virginia was the first English settlement in North America in 1607.
2. The Invincible Armada was a fleet of Spanish ships used to invade England in
1588. The Spanish came through the English Channel, but the English were faster,
1. The Great Ice Age occurred 2 million years ago. Ice sheets that were 2 miles thick
covered Europe, Asia, and North America. The ice covered Canada and The
United Stated up to the Ohio/Pennsylvania border and the Dakotas. The Glaciers
Chapter 44 Study Guide
1. What does the phrase Information Superhighway mean? It refers to how
much information one could attain with the use of the Internet.
2. What does classroom without walls refer to? When students can take classes
and learn through
Chapter 43 Study Guide
1. What states are included in the Sunbelt? California, Arizona, New Mexico,
Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee,
Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia.
2. What is the case of R
Chapter 42 Study Guide
1. What does OPEC stand for and what did it do to inflation? The
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. It largely increased
inflation in the U.S.
2. What is the Iranian Hostage Crisis and in what ways did Carter try to end
Chapter 41 Study Guide
1. What is the Tonkin Gulf Resolution and what did it allow the President to
do? In the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, Congress gave up their war-declaring powers
and handed the President a blank check to use power in
Southeast Asia. It wa
Chapter 40 Study Guide
1. What was the NDEA and why did Congress make the NDEA? NDEA stands
for National Defense and Education Act. Congress gave $887 million in
loans to college students and grants to improve the teaching of the
sciences and languages.
Chapter 35 Study Guide
1. What did the Federal Housing Authority provide? Financial aid for
communities or states to build more houses.
2. What administration did Herbert Hoover lead? Hoover led the attempt to help
the farmers by setting up the Agricultur
Chapter 29 & 30 Study Guide
1. Imperialism A policy of extending the rule/authority of a nation over
countries, attempting to gain ultimate power.
2. Explain how the Monroe Doctrine played a part in the Venezuelan squall.
The Monroe Doc
Chapter 27 & 28 Study Guides
In what way did the mining, ranching, and farming frontiers respond to the
industrial revolution in the same way as entrepreneurs and laborers?
They developed many new technological advancements
Chapter 12 Study Guide
1. Oliver Hazard Perry: American naval officer who built a green fleet of ships on
Lake Eries shore, and was able to capture a British fleet after furious battle
on the lake. Said, We have met the enemy and they are ours. Motivated
Chapter 11 Study Guide
1. Thomas Jefferson: Accused of robbing a widow and her children of a trust fund
and having kids with his slaves. Alleged atheist. Won presidential election in
1800 73 votes to 65. First president to the new capitol of Washington D.
Chapter 10 Study Guide
1. Who are Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay?
Thomas Jefferson: The Secretary of State under George Washington. Alexander
Hamiltons archrival. Argued with Hamilton over the Bank of the United States,
saying the Cons
Chapter 4 Study Guide
Life in the Chesapeake Colonies:
Diseases like malaria, dysentery, and typhoid shortened the life
expectancy for new people from England by 10 years. In the beginning,
half of the people who were born in Virginia and Maryland did liv
I. Formation of the Islamic Empires
A. The Ottoman Empire
a. Osman Bey was the founder of the Ottoman Empire
b. Was bey (chief) of a seminomadic tribe of Turks who traveled to
Anatolia in hope of becoming Muslim religious warriors
I. The Quest for Political Stability
A. The Ming Dynasty
1. Ming Government
a. Hongwu (founder of the Ming) drove the Mongols out and built a
b. Mandarins traveled and oversaw the implementation of government
I. African Politics and Society in Early Modern Times
A. The States of West Africa and East Africa
1. The Songhay Empire
a. First large western Africa empires were the Ghana and Mali
b. Songhay empire took over from the Mali; based in Gao