Used to decontaminate medical devices that come in contact with mucous
membranes, blood and body fluids
Used for heat sensitive items
used to disinfect instruments that do not penetrate body tissue
clean to remove
Check expiration date: do not use if past
Check sterile indicator
Opening Sterile Packages
Touch only the outside of the wrap to
pull the top flap away from you
pull the wrap out to the side, on each side of the package
Assist with supply distribution
Maintain adequate quantities of
Manage and Maintain Equipment
Participate in purchasing processes
Determine procedures for selecting, acquiring,
1. Create a therapeutic environment to provide patient care
2. Develop and implement
3. Maintain a clean and safe environment
4. Manage resources
5. Maintain an aestheti
Humans domesticate crops and livestock.
Potatoes first cultivated for food
Biotechnology used to leaven bread and ferment beer, using yeast (Egypt).
Production of cheese, fermentation of wine begins (Su
Biotechnology Timeline Continued:
DNA is proven to carry genetic information by Oswald Avery, Colin MacLeod and Maclyn
James Watson and Francis Crick describe the double helical structure of DNA. They shared the
1962 Nobel Prize in Medi
The first transgenic animals are produced by transferring genes from other animals into mice.
The first patent for a genetically modified organism is granted for bacteria that can break
down crude oil.
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniq
Practical Applications of Biotechnology:
1. Bioprocessing technology
Uses whole living cells or components of them to manufacture desired products.
Most common whole cells used are yeast and bacteria (one-celled organisms).
Most common components are enzy
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is the main consumer watchdog for numerous
Drugs and biologics (prescription and over-the counter)
Animal feed and drugs
Radiation-emitting products (such as cell phones
Pre-clinical studies help establish boundaries for safe use of the treatment if/when human
Many new drugs and treatments are abandoned at this step because they are proven
Clinical research and development