The Political Impact of Luther and Calvin
Political Context for the Reformation
Charles Vs attempted to impose his Catholicism on all the German States.
Charles subordinated German revenue and resources to his primary interests in Spain and Burgandy.
9.15.11 Calvin on Secular Authority
Luther calls out princes, calvin calls out the people
Holy triumvirate life, liberty, fraternity.
Calls the justice of this world merely civil and external justice in oppose to the justice
of the kingdom to come after
9/13/11 Luther and Calvin on Secular Authority
Luther sees the world divided in 2 Christian and secular
Christian holy, divine, just
Secular lawful, sinful, reason, corruption
Luther sees secular world as lost in sin, as well as its leaders
10.18.2011 Machiavelli The Prince
Extensively written to grab the attention to Medici Family and wanted them to free
newly created state of Italy from foreign dominance. Has a curious anti-imperial
character about it.
Not famous, not powerful, not wealt
Social contract makes a dramatic change in peoples lives live longer, safer, more
Now with the divulgence into science, technology, arts people possibly are subject
to more fear of weaponry. Scope of destruction becomes larger with mor
10.6.11 Hobbes Leviathan
Moving away from religion towards a more secular grounding. Moving away from a
covenant between god and Christians towards covenant between men. Hobbes wants to push
aside certain bodies of thoughts that he doesnt want to carry mu
10.4.11 Hobbes Leviathan
All that remains after the social contract is the threat of violence.
Whats the good in trading all your equality for peace? Its a good bargain because its
easy to see the sovereign. Sovereign is just one not many. You also know
9.29.11 Hobbes Leviathan
Is Hobbes the theorist of authoritarianism or consent or both?
Fear and I were born twins Hobbes believed everything is motivated by fear which is the
natural condition of men. Every man is enemy to every man, Men are equal by nat
9.27.11 The Levelers and Putney Debates
An army sits down in a church with their leaders and demand equality in authority
Magna Carta holds a king to a higher standard, basis of judges and juries, set of
limits on monarchical authority
The danelan law,
9.22.11 Thomas Muntzer
Muntzers Confession: In prison and under torture, Muntzer confesses to what the lords
wanted him to say and admit and what they blame him for. Comparable to the 12 articles.
First, all property should be held in common and be distri
9.20.11 Thomas Muntzer Sermon to the Princes
Thomas Muntzer who made you prince over us?
Acknowledged leader of peasant rebellion, peasant theologian
Gives rise to the idea of consent of the governed
This is where the democratic impulse arouses in western