Seals are cracked in the genitals where
Rajaram wanted us to look for further
evidence. The image of seal was also
Horses andchariots did
greatly distorted to look as much as
Michael Witzel: Wales P
Notes on Guptas (11/16)
o Literary arts flourished
Sanskrit literature. Prasastis were in Sanskrit under the Sakas,
show a change in use of Sanskrit.
Love plays, unattainable males.
Written by a priest for the Brahmins.
Largely a prohibitive text.
Lumps together Sudras and women
Anxious about maintaining social boundaries.
Often thought to be only theoretical, never implemented.
Very paranoid text. Response
4 to 6 century (Gupta) temples are on the rise.
Bhakti-Image worship interwined.
Aniconic-Non-human representation (Shiva linga)
Anthropomorphic-Taking a human form
Theriomorphic-Taking an animal form
OLD RACES NEW
Various theories have risen from the Vedas and from ethnoliguistic studies regarding the
racial identity of India. Perhaps the most known theory is that of the Aryan Invasion in which
Aryans, a people generally described as noble and le
Since the advent of Hinduism caste has dominated relations between different groups in
South Asian society. Even to this day caste, though abolished in India, is still very prevalent and
its effects permeate many aspects of life in South Asia. Similarly m
Question: Identify the features of urbanization and supporting archaeological evidence
discussed by Romila Thapar. Make a list of important Harappan cities. Identify the factors
mentioned by Thapar to account for the decline of Harappan Civilization.
Hindutva a Dangerous Philosophy for India
Human thinking and way of looking at reality has evolved in the course of history and still
continues to evolve. One can vouch for this fact, through a careful analysis of trends of thinking,
SAST 003/HIST 089: India and South Asia: Intro to Premodern India
Mid-term will cover readings from Sept 15 (Interpreting Early India) to October 15 on
Notes on Inden
The change in sacrifice is the key to the change from Vedism to Hinduism (89)
Domestic rites (mahayajna) replace older vedic sacrifice (90)
The growth of puja caused the abandonment of animal sacrifice (90-91)
Gangetic basin from 1000-5