The Odyssey by Homer
First, boy who sits around and does nothing; grows into something with Athenas help
Old maid who recognizes Odysseus scar first; raised Odysseus and Telemachus
journey home: i.e. Greek heroes after th
Ancient Theorists of Mythology and their remarks on Homer
Metrodorus of Lampsacus (5th c. B.C.E.)
o allegorist: thought that the myths contained hidden truths, that were allegories
o found buried in Homers words truths/features of the universe
People (and gods, creatures, and monsters)
He was left on the Cyclops island when Ulysses and his men fled.
When Aeneas and his company land on the island of the Cyclops, Achaemenides
begs them to take him with them. This is a perfect ex
Dionysus/Bacchus- God of fertility, wine, the party
Pentheus-King of thebes, doubts Dionysus villain of Bacchae
Agaue-Mother of Pentheus
Cadmus- King of Thebes, Grandfather of Pentheus, sister of Europa, founder of Thebes,
Comparison of Characters
o FILM: greedy and selfish villain of movie, brother of Menelaus, uses stealing of Helen as excuse
to attack Troy in attempts to expand Greek territory. Kills Priam (but Virgil says Neoptolemus, son
of Achilles, does). T
A Narratologist reading of The Aeneid, from beginning to end of action involving Dido
Hero AND Villain: Aeneas
False Hero (and victim of Aeneass Villainy): Dido
Helper and Donor: Venus
Other Helpers for Aeneas: Zeus, Amor,
CLST 100 Identifications
Actaeon: one of Cadmuss grandsons; Ovid details his story in Book III of
Metamorphoses. Out hunting one day, he happens upon Diana bathing in the woods,
who turns him into a stag. He then gets chased by his hounds and torn apart.
Roman Mythology Study Guide
Wednesday, April 6 , 2 016
11:02 A M
Divine and human motivation in the Aeneid:
Venus and Cupid intervene in strategy to make Dido fall in love with Aeneas
against her will
She initially appears as someone who is
Timeline of Delphi
Chronological Timeline: (following Hoyle)
Worship of Gaia at Delphi.
Apollo arrives at Delphi.
Delphi's fame spreads thoroughout Greece as well as beyond her borders.
During the coloni
Invocation of the Muses.
Muses announce their intention to sing truth through Hesiod and the
order of races in their song.
Chaos (the "chasm" in West's trans.), an empty space that fills the
-Odysseus and his men raid the Cicones.
-Council of the gods. Athena bargains with Zeus.
-They arrive at the Land of the Lotus Eaters.
-Athena visits Telemachus; he sails for
-Odysseus blinds Polyphemus.
Greek and Roman Mythology Midterm Information Sheet (Spring 2012)
Composer of the Iliad and Odyssey
o Most important works of Greek literature
Epics written down around 750 BCE
Some argue that Homer is a traditional name attached to works
Women and Odysseus Success
The Odyssey by Homer tells the story of the hero Odysseus journey home to Ithaca after
the Greek victory in the Trojan War. Odysseus is a typical ancient Greek male: strong,
victorious, and above al