1. Name and describe the three functional classifications of joints.
a. Synarthrosis: immovable joint sutures of the skull
b. Ampiarthrosis: slightly moveable joint joints between vertebrae
c. Diarthrosis: freely moveable knee joint, hip joint, elb
The Special Senses
1. Identify and describe the function of the three distinct cell types of the olfactory
a. Supporting cells: columnar surround and cushion olfactory sensory neurons
make up the bulk of the penny-thin epithelial membrane con
The Peripheral Nervous System
1. What is the difference between sensation and perception?
Sensation: awareness, at either a subconscious or conscious level, of a stimulus
Perception: conscious interpretation of the meaning of the stimulus
*both occur in t
The Autonomic Nervous System
1. Describe the sensory arm of the ANS, noting the general types of receptors supplying
Sensory arm: made up of primary visceral sensory neurons found in the peripheral nervous
system; monitor the level of carbon dioxid
The Skeletal System
1. Identify the functions of the skeletal system.
a. Support: bones provide framework that supports the body and cradles its soft
b. Protection: bones protect the body, specifically the brain, spinal cord, and organs
of the thor
Muscles & Muscle Tissue
1. What are the four general functions of the muscular system?
a. Producing movement: move the body from place to place (locomotion) moving parts
of the body (manipulation) moving materials into and out of the body ex: cardiac
1. Identify the first phase/stage of pre-embryonic development.
Fertilization: fusion of a sperm and ovum creates a zygote typically occurs in the upper part
of the uterine tube
Cleavage: 24 hours after fertilization rapid mitotic cell division
The Integumentary System
1. What are the functions of the integumentary system?
a) Protection: the bodys first line of defense against infection
Physical: reinforced with chemical secretions
Chemical: reinforce the physical protection we wash off a lot
Introduction to the Human Body
1. Define the terms anatomy and physiology.
Anatomy: studies the structure of body parts and their relationships to one another
Gross anatomy: the study of large body structures visible to the naked eye