HARD PROBLEM: Why do we have consciousness (and, less importantly, what
ANSWER: consciousness gives meaning to sensory input. We do not have pconsciousness; rather, we have something like p-sensation, which solely
functions as an input for informa
In answer to such questions, Kant offers his transcendental arguments. This
transcendental framework, he explains, necessarily precedes all of metaphysics, for its
purpose is to settle the possibility of metaphysics in the first place (30). The
In their respective writings, Ren Descartes, David Hume, and Immanuel Kant all
consider, in one manner or another, the relationship between metaphysics and
epistemology. Each of these figures comes, in turn, to a different conclusion regarding
just how th
While the conclusions of Hume and Kant seem somewhat similar, Kants divergence
from Humes position is of far-reaching importance. For Hume, judgments are
categorized according to a simple division: either a priori or a posteriori. 2+2=4, to
Humes eyes, fa
Upon cursory examination, 2+2=4 seems a trivial proposition; as an assertion,
this instance of addition seems simple, tautological, and perhaps lacking in any
substantial philosophical implications. The nature of this judgment, however, is
Chapter 3 of Mark Balaguers Platonism and Anti-Platonism in
Premise 1: Humans exist entirely in space-time.
Premise 2: If there exists any abstract mathematical objects, they exist out of spacetime.
Premise 3: If there are abstract mathe
Functionalism- Mental states are defined by the functionalists by the mental role
they play in your life. Ie- coffee has characteristic effects like making you alert. Inside
head. They give rise to thoughts but not physical behaviors.
1. Problems: C
The Nature of
Used in different ways in everyday language in
many ways. For instance:
To contrast with unconscious. Means awake or
Conscious of Attending to some thing.
PHIL 430: Philosophy of Mind
This theory also has another important implication regarding ones thoughts.
Because consciousness is derived completely from processed sensory inputs, and
includes all thoughts, all thought must
PHIL 430: Philosophy of Mind
The Pragmatic Theory of Consciousness
Conscious experience is one of the most important elements of our individual
lives. In fact, many believe that without conscious experience, one would cease
What is consciousness?
[A mental state is] A state of mind that one has, such as a feeling or a thought. This could
be linguistic, such as the thought that it is raining, or it could be a basic feeling, like a
pain. (By linguistic I mean a la
DOES THIS ARGUMENT MEAN THAT WE ALL START AS BLANK SLATES?
CAN WE BE BORN WITH KNOWLEDGE?
We cannot be born with prior knowledge, we process sensory information
almost immediately, we just begin at a very simplistic level (probably based on
Philosophy 479: Study Questions for Final Exam
The final exam consists of three essays. On the exam you will be given two questions from
each of the three parts below, and will be asked to answer one of them from each part. You