Chapter 4: Amino Acids and the Peptide Bond
4.1 What Are the Structures and Properties of Amino Acids?
A. Typical amino acids contain a central tetrahedral carbon atom.
1. Alpha () carbon covalently linked to both the amino group and th
Chapter 2: Water The Medium of Life
2.1 What Are the Properties of Water?
A. Water has unusual properties.
1. It has a higher boiling point, melting point, heat of vaporization and surface tension
suggesting intermolecular forces of at
Chapter 3: Thermodynamics of Biological Systems
3.1 What are the Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics?
System portion of the universe with which we are concerned (mixture, single cell, entire organism).
Three kinds of systems: isolated (can
Chapter 1: The Facts of Life
1.1 What are the distinctive properties of living systems:
Biological structures serve functional purposes
Actively engaged in energy transformations (ATP/ NADPH); livin