Brielle R. Sheaffer
22 June 2016
Upaya in Monkey
Upaya, meaning skillful means, is an activity that helps individuals reach enlightenment. From
Mahayana Buddhism, Zen and Tibetan traditions, telling the truth is no more than u
"The Policing of Tradition: Colonial Anthropology and the
Invention of Custom"
Nov. 1, 1858: Queen Victoria's proclamation
"abstain from all interference with the religious belief"
Response to Great Rebellion of 1857
Hinduism and the Issue of Authenticity
Martin, How Religions Work: Authenticity
Claims and beliefs of "realness"
Martin sees essentialism behind these claims
Descriptive or judgmental?
What does authenticity "do"?
Classification and "Indigenous" Traditions
Friday, September 12, 2014
- Creating Concepts and Categories
"The basic idea that we, as humans, make the world what it is for us" (21).
Labeling "things" (Is it a desk or a table?)
Grouping things to
Sikh means "disciple"
Fairly new tradition
16th c. CE; no specific starting date
Originated in Punjab region of NW India (now shared by India/Pakistan)
An example of syncretism
Blend of Hinduism, Islam and local traditions
"It is only in th
Origins and Classical Hinduism
Monday, September 15, 2014
World's third largest religion
80% of India is Hindu
"Hindu" derived from "Indus"
Orig a geographic term only
18th-19th Centuries: rise of the term "Hinduism" during the c
What is (the Academic Study of) Religion?
discourse: Written/spoken communication; to speak/write with authority on a topic
normative: Establishing, relating to, or deriving from a standard
mythmaking: Idealmaking representing/reproducing s
- Pluralism is about recognizing and embracing diversity
Pluralism and secularism are similar, but they are distinct
- In pluralism, all religions are considered equal
Said to benefit society
- Not all religions are given equal freedom
- "indigenous" Traditions
Classification is difficult
Even the term indigenous has drawbacks
- How did these traditions come to light?
Colonialism/Drive to explore
Did Muhammad bring about a shift from economic to ideological warfare? If so, was that
a good thing?
- What is economic warfare? FIRESTONE DEFINITION- economic
- What is ideological warfare? FIRESTONES DEFINITION- spread or defend a way of life
The violence goes back to a dispute over who had spiritual authority over the Muslim community after the
death of the prophet Muhammad in what is called the fitna which translates as temptation or trial and
caused all the discord within Muslim community.
8 June 2016
The Connection Between Atheism and Buddhism
There are many definitions for the word religion, some are misinterpreted differently depending
on one's beliefs. In Christianity, Judaism, Islam, or Hinduism reli
25 May 2016
The Feminism in a Hindu 1975 Film
In India, feminism may differ than feminism in the United States because the cultures are
completely different. In Jai Santoshi Maa it is hard to pinpoint on whether
Brielle R. Sheaffer
18 July 2016
The Split Between Judaism and Christianity
Before determining how and when the separation of Judaism and Christianity started, establishing
who first founded Christianity is the ultimate goal.
29 July 2016
Responding to When Bad Things Happen to Good People
In most religions, God can be seen as a watchmaker, this created what people call deism.
There is an existence of a supreme being, specifically of
Spring time: offering : flowers, fresh fruits, coconuts
Doors open after 8 years
Indra/ Neale- build a place of worship in UTAH (salt lake valley)
Volunteers: act of devotion: carrying stones, pushing wheelbarrows, installing insulation
Merneptah Stele (1213)
- Israel is wasted, bare of seed
Did exodus happen? NOT SURE. between exodus and exile kingdom is not well
Why did Judaism & Christianity become separate religions?
Task: Find deep explanations
How similar were the lives and teachings of Jesus and Confucius?
- A similar situation applies to Confucius who became known to his followers as The Master.
Confucius is the romanised version of Kung Fu-tzu which means Master Kung. Like Jesus, Confucius
Define Atheism rejects beliefs in God (Theologians define)
Define Religion (Sociology)
Gandharva (historical interest)
Eugene Burnouf Prajna (science)- Wisdom That is why today Buddhism is seen as
a science and not a religion
Hsia Dynasty: 2205-1766
Shang or Yin Dynasty: 1766-1122
Chou Dynasty: 1122-221
(722-481: Autumn and Spring Period)
(403-221: Warring States Period)
221-206: Chin Dynasty
206BCE- 220CE: Han Dynasty
Priest: sacrifices, and performs
What is a shaman?
About 350 million Buddhists worldwide
98% located in Asia
Developed in India
distinct from Hinduism
Rejects sactity of the Vedas
Not concerned with any kind of higher reality / consciousness
Buddhism: derived from Budh (Pali: "to awaken")