Brain & Behavior
o Resting membrane potential and ionic basis
o Explain how an action potential is normally triggered
o Describe how action potentials are conducted along axons
Receptors in neurons bind neurotransmitt
Chapter 8 lecture notes
Intelligence: 3 themes are practical problem solving, social competence, and verbal
Psychometric approach of measuring intelligence: process vs. product focused
-Process of learning: Piaget, information proce
September 9, 2015- research
Observational research: naturalistic observation (quantitative or qualitative)
Hawthorne effect- when people know they are being observed they change their behavior.
Social desirability- person answers question based on what so
Chapter 11 lecture notes
Kids social cognitive development goes from concrete to abstract, is better organized w/
age, changes from simple to complex, interacting relationships, and moves toward
Apes and dolphins passed marked
Chapter 5: Physical Growth
20% of a humans life is dedicated to growing.
Distance curve- plots the average size of a sample of children at each age, indicating
typical yearly progress toward maturity.
Velocity curve- plots the average amount of growth at
Chapter 10: Emotional Development
In class notes
When discussing cognition, emotions can impair learning and leads to learning essential for
survival. When discussing social effects, emotions affects behaviors of others and regulates own
behavior. When re
Chapter 4: Infancy (hopefully, we will cover this material by the 23 rd. If not, Ill
adjust the exam content)
Know and be able to describe newborn reflexes
bright light at
August 31, 2015- Child Psychology- lecture notes
Psychoanalytic theory: theory that holds that irrational, unconscious drives and motives, often
originating in childhood, underlies human behavior.
Erikson- emphasized culture diversity, social change, and
Chapter 3 notes: Development of Sex differences and Gender Roles
Gender stereotypes: widely held beliefs about characteristics deemed appropriate for males and
Gender roles: the reflection of these stereotypes in everyday behavior.
Chapter 5-Physical Growth
September 28th, 2015
Humans grow about 20% of their lifespan. Takes so long because brain needs to grow with body
and growth is adaptive.
Factors that affect physical growth: nutrition, heredity, emotional well-being, and infecti
Cognition: inner processes and products of the mind that lead to knowing. It includes all
3 issues of cognitive development: typical course, individual differences, and mechanisms.
Vgotskys sociocultural theory: stresses social
September 21, 2015
3 types of cues:
1)kinetic: motion parallex- birth
2) binocular- binocular disparity- 2-3 months
Infants are born w/ a preference it look at faces instead of other objects. They prefer to look at simple,
Study guide answers. Ch. 1-4w
Chapter 1: History, Theory and Applied Directions
Know the distinctions between the three grand theories of
1. Psychoanalytic theory: children move through a series of stages which they confront conflicts b/w bio
September 2nd- end of chapter 1/ chapter 2
Ethnicity- group whose ancestors were born in the same region and who often share a language,
culture, or religion.
Race- a group of people of people who are regarded by themselves or by others as genetically
October 19th. 2015
Benefits of information processing theory: if a kid is having problems learning a skill, it helps one
identify where the source of the problem is.
3 ways to increase putting things from STM to long term: rehearsal=repeating, elaboration
Chapter 11: Self and Social Understanding
Social cognition: how children come to understand their multifaceted social world.
Explicit self-awareness: an objective understanding that the self is a unique object in a world of
objects, which includes represe
October 5th- chapter 6
Cognition- inner processes and products of the mind that lead to knowing. Includes mental
activity i.e. attending, remembering, symbolizing, etc.
Schemes: organized way of making sense of experience.
Adaptation: building schemes thr
o Age 3 to about 7
o Children grow approximately 3 inches and 4 pounds per year
o Body fat is decreased by 12%
o A lot of brain development
Left side of brain tends to develop first (age 2 or 3)
Right side develops a
Emotional and Social Development
Eriksons third stage: initiative vs. guild
o Approximately 3-6 years
o Very eager, want to help
o Learning to adapt eagerness to rules
o Self concept
Usually based on external attributes
Dont think abou
Piagets preoperational stage spends a lot of time talking about what children CANT do
(children learn this all of their own)
o CAN thing about the past and the future
o Cant use operations
Operation: an action internalized as a sym
DEP3103 Exam 1 Study Guide
o Big names in history
Plato (808 BC)
Believed that government, who were the most moral, intelligent, and best suited, should raise the
He was trying to raise the most productive members of society. Brainwa