The Furnace of Civil War
Bull Run Ends the "Ninety-Day War"
President Abraham Lincoln concluded that an attack on a smaller Confederate force at Bull Run would be worth trying. If successful, the victory
would show the superiority of
The Great Depression and the New Deal
As the election of 1932 neared, unemployment and poverty brought dissent of President Hoover and a demand for a
change in policy. The Republicans nominated Herbert Hoover to run for president in the electio
Forging the National Economy
The Westward Movement
The life as a pioneer was very grim. Pioneers were stricken with disease and loneliness.
Shaping the Western Landscape
Fur trapping was a large industry in the Rocky Mountain area. Ea
The South and the Slavery Controversy
Slavery was dying out, but the invention of the cotton gin prompted the plantation owners to keep their slaves as they now produced a high profit
"Cotton is King!"
The South con
The Confederation and the Constitution
The Pursuit of Equality
The Continental Army officers formed an exclusive hereditary order called the Society of the Cincinnati.
Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom- created in 1786 by Thomas Je
America Secedes from the Empire
Congress Drafts George Washington
The Second Continental Congress selected George Washington to head the army besieging Boston.
Bunker Hill and Hessian Hirelings
From April 1775 to July 1776, the colonis
The Duel for North America
France Finds a Foothold in Canada
In 1598, the Edict of Nantes was issued by the crown of France. It granted limited religious freedom to French Protestants, and stopped religious
wars between the Protestants
American Life in the 17th Century
The Unhealthy Chesapeake
Half the people born in early Virginia and Maryland did not survive to celebrate their 20th birthday.
At the beginning of the 18th Century, Virginia was the most populous colon
The Planting of English America
The Spanish were at Santa Fe in 1610.
The French were at Quebec in 1608.
The English were at Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.
England's Imperial Stirrings
King Henry VIII broke with the Roman Catholic Church
Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution
Conquest by the Cradle
In 1775, the most populous colonies were Virginia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and Maryland.
About 90% of people lived in rural areas.
A Mingling of the
Settling the Northern Colonies
The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism
German friar Martin Luther denounced the authority of the priests and popes when he nailed his protests against Catholic doctrines to the door of
The Road to Revolution
The Deep Roots of Revolution
Two ideas in particular had taken root in the minds of the American colonists by the mid 18th century:
1. Republicanism- a just society in which all citizens willingly subordinated th
The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism
On to Canada over Land and Lakes
The Americans tried to invade Canada from Detroit, Niagara, and Lake Champlain. All were beaten back by the Canadians.
The Americans then
Launching the New Ship of State
Washington for President
George Washington was unanimously elected as President by the Electoral College in 1789. He took the oath of office on April 30, 1789. He
established the cabinet.
At first, Secr
The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic
Federalist and Republican Mudslingers
Thomas Jefferson became the victim of one of America's first "whispering campaigns." The Federalists accused him of having an affair with
XI. Imperialism or Bryanism in 1900?
Just like four years before, it was McKinley sitting on his front porch and Bryan actively and personally
campaigning, but Theodore Roosevelts active campaigning took a lot of the momentum away from
Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy
The Accession of "Tyler Too"
Both Whigs, Daniel Webster, as secretary of state, and Henry Clay, the king of the Whigs and their ablest spokesman in the Senate,
were set to control the Presidency. Before
Drifting Toward Disunion
The Kansas Territory erupted in violence in 1855 between proslavery and antislavery arguments. In 1857, the Supreme Court's Dred Scott
decision invalidated the Missouri Compromise of 1820.
Stowe and Helper: Li
The Ordeal of Reconstruction
The Problems of Peace
All rebel (Confederate) leaders were pardoned by President Johnson in 1868.
Freedmen Define Freedom
Emancipation took effect unevenly in different parts of the conquered Confederacy.
Girding for War: The North and the South
The Menace of Secession
President Abraham Lincoln declared that secession was impractical because the North and South were not geographically divided. He also stated
that with secession, new co
Renewing the Sectional Struggle
The Popular Sovereignty Panacea
Popular sovereignty meant that the sovereign people of a territory should determine the statues of slavery. It was popular with politicians
because it was a comfortable c
Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt
I. Progressive Roots
In the beginning of the 1900s, America had 76 million people, mostly in good condition. Then before the first decade
of the 20th century, the U.S. would be influenced by a Prog
I. The London Conference
The 1933 London Conference composed 66 nations that came together to hopefully develop a worldwide solution to
the Great Depression.
o President Franklin D. Roosevelt at first agreed to send Secretary of State Cordell Hull, but
Chapter 13- recheck book
The Rise of a Mass Democracy
The "Corrupt Bargain" of 1824
There were 4 main "Republican" candidates in the election of 1824: Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, William Crawford, and Henry Clay.
No candidate won the majo