The Heros Journey: Cry, the Beloved Country
According to Joseph Campbell, the heros deed consists of both a physical act of
heroism and a spiritual find.
In Cry, the Beloved Country, Stephen Kumalo does both: he saves his family (as much
as possible) in J
Appeal To False Authority:
a variation on Appeal To Authority, but the Authority is outside his area of expertise.
For example, "Famous physicist John Taylor studied Uri Geller extensively and found no
evidence of trickery or fraud in his feats." Taylor
Confusing Correlation And Causation:
earthquakes in the Andes were correlated with the closest approaches of the planet
Uranus. Therefore, Uranus must have caused them. (But Jupiter is nearer than Uranus,
and more massive too.)
When sales of hot chocolat
Slippery Slope Fallacy (Camel's Nose)
there is an old saying about how if you allow a camel to poke his nose into the tent, soon
the whole camel will follow.
The fallacy here is the assumption that something is wrong because it is right next to
Argument From Small Numbers:
"I've thrown three sevens in a row. Tonight I can't lose." This is Argument By
Generalization, but it assumes that small numbers are the same as big numbers. (Three
sevens is actually a common occurrence. Thirty three sevens
using a word to mean one thing, and then later using it to mean something different. For
example, sometimes "Free software" costs nothing, and sometimes it is without
restrictions. Some examples:
"The sign said 'fine for parking here', and
Affirming The Consequent:
logic reversal. A correct statement of the form "if P then Q" gets turned into "Q therefore
For example, "All people whose surname begins with Mac are of Scottish ancestry.
Dougal is of Scottish ancestry. Therefore his surna
Reductio Ad Absurdum:
showing that your opponent's argument leads to some absurd conclusion. This is in
general a reasonable and non-fallacious way to argue. If the issues are razor-sharp, it is a
good way to completely destroy his argument. However, if
Argument By Fast Talking:
if you go from one idea to the next quickly enough, the audience won't have time to
think. This is connected to Changing The Subject and (to some audiences) Argument By
However, some psychologists say that to und
Academic Criticism Graphic Organizer
Lady Macbeths Scene
Provide the Title of
Michael Lynchs S
Symbols of Kings: Establishing Context Worksheet
What does the lion represent? Why would the rulers of England include so many of
them on the coat of arms?
The lion represents dauntless courage. The rulers of England included t
01.10 Macbeth: The Power of Words Worksheet
Step 1: Character Interpretation
Earlier in this lesson you read two different interpretations of a scene featuring Lady Macbeth.
You were asked to view a stage performance of the same scene in order to answer t
A Synthetic Gemstone is almost identical to a Natural Gemstone. Although they are
extremely similar synthetic gemstones are man-made. Synthetic gems are made in laboratories.
Gems like Diamonds, Rubies, Emeralds, Sapphires and more are natura
Appeal To Pity (Appeal to Sympathy, The Galileo Argument):
"I did not murder my mother and father with an axe! Please don't find me guilty; I'm
suffering enough through being an orphan."
Some authors want you to know they're suffering for their beliefs.
Inflation Of Conflict:
arguing that scholars debate a certain point. Therefore, they must know nothing, and their
entire field of knowledge is "in crisis" or does not properly exist at all.
For example, two historians debated whether Hitler killed five m
Reductive Fallacy (Oversimplification):
over-simplifying. As Einstein said, everything should be made as simple as possible, but
no simpler. Political slogans such as "Taxation is theft" fall in this category.
Genetic Fallacy (Fallacy of Origins, Fallacy
Description of Congo
Marlow describes the fireman on the steamship by first calling him a savage.
He is also described as an improved specimento look at him was as edifying as
seeing a dog in a parody of breeches and a feather hat walking on is hind-legs.
Flights of Fancy
In his book Foster discusses that has changed the way I read literature is the fifteenth
chapter, Flights of Fancy.
In this section Foster discusses the meaning of flight or taking off.
Occasionally, flight is associated with witchcraft,
Heart of Darkness
Marlow overhears the mangers uncle say, The climate may do away with this
difficulty for you. In this part, the managers uncle is speaking of Kurtz and the
troubles Kurtz is causing his nephew.
Therefore, this difficulty that the uncle m
How to Read Literature Like a Professor Chapter Examinations
In chapter three, entitled Nice to Eat You: Acts of Vampirism, Thomas Foster talks
about a recognizing the vampire character. We usually think of blood-sucking, garlicfearing creatures when we h
Johannesburg is portrayed as a character because it is represents human failures, such
as prejudice, anger, and fear, and it also has the power to shape peoples lives.
In addition, Foster states, when writers send their characters south, its
The less valuable animals that Marlow speaks of are the animals that the Eldorado
Expedition would not have found useful for its own purposes.
The donkeys were all dead because they could be used for leading luggage when
Stephen Kumalo descends into darkness when he goes up into the mountain on the
day before his son is to be hanged.
Even though healing in the village has begun, Kumalos past fears are still burdening
His son represents the tie to those fears, and it
In this story, the businessman contributes to the theme of ownership in the book,
but he also contributes to the theme of matters of consequence.
As the businessman shows, to grown-ups, matters of consequence are materialistic,
The Little Prince
In The Little Prince, written by Antoine De Saint-Exupry, minor characters serve
to teach the prince vital moral lessons.
One such character is the businessman, inhabitant of the fourth planet the prince
The businessman contribut
On 9th February, 1950, Joseph McCarthy, a senator from Wisconsin, made a speech claiming to have a list of 205
people in the State Department that were known to be members of theAmerican Communist Party (later he reduced
this figure to 57). The list of na
Animal Farm Vocabulary- Week One
1. Disinter- To bring out, as from a grave or hiding place; to bring from obscurity
I needed to disinter the truth about my long lost uncle, the Dreaded Pirate Bob, so I
went to the courthouse to look up his bir
Ad Hominem (Argument To The Man):
attacking the person instead of attacking his argument. For example, "Von Daniken's
books about ancient astronauts are worthless because he is a convicted forger and
embezzler." (Which is true, but that's not why they're
Academic Criticism Graphic Organizer
Lady Macbeths Scene
Academic Criticism: Art
Provide the Title of Your