Chapter 10 (Kagan) and Chapter 13 (McKay): Renaissance and Discovery
1. a) Jacob Burkhardt, a Renaissance historian, describes the Renaissance as a basic
example for the modern world. He says that the Renaissance planted beliefs in
religion, science, and
A. Spain remained a conglomerate of independent kingdoms while England and
France laid the foundations of unified nation states.
1. The centuries long reconquista had military and religious objectives for the
expulsion of the Muslims and Jews and politica
Beginning in the fourteenth century, national languages came into a widespread of
literature and language.
A. Three masterpieces of European culture are Dantes Divine Comedy, Chaucers
Canterbury Tales, and Villons Grand Testament.
1. The Divine Comedy
Ch. 10&13: European Society in the Age of the Renaissance and Discovery
The Evolution of the Italian Renaissance
A. How it Began
1. The Renaissance was a period of commercial, financial, political and cultural
achievement from 1050 to 1300.
Art and the Artists of the Renaissance
A. The 1400s and 1500s were huge times of creativity in painting, architecture, and
1. The city of Florence led the way in art.
2. The main and top characteristics of art at this time are shown in w
The Renaissance in the North
A. After carrying back the new knowledge from Italy, Northern humanists
interpreted the Italian ideas and attitudes in terms of their own traditions.
1. Most of these traditions were more distinctly Christian than Italy.
The Decline of the Churchs Prestige
A. The Babylonian Captivity is the time period of 1309 to 1376, when the popes
lived in Avignon.
1. The Babylonian Captivity badly damaged the papal prestige.
a. The Avignon papacy centralized its government and refo
Centuries of Crisis During the Late Middle Ages Outline #1
Prelude to Disaster
A. Difficulties for the Countries of Europe
1. Starting in the beginning of the fourteenth century, Europe began to experience
changes, for the worse, economically and s
A P Euro Vocab
P etrarch - (1304-1374) a poet and humanist who thought that he was living at the
start of a new age. With other artists, he spoke contemptuously of their medieval
predecessors and identified themselves with the thinkers and artists of Grec
Chapter 9 (Kagan) and Chapter 12 (McKay): The Late Middle Ages Centuries of Crisis
J oan of Arc - a peasant from Doremy who declared to Charles VII that the King of
Heaven called upon her to deliver besieged Orleans from the English. She later on
Ch. 9 & 12 Questions
1. a) There were quite a few underlying and precipitating causes for the Hundred
Years War. One of them was that King Edward III of England asserted claim to
the French throne. Another one was that England and France were in very clos