1. A researcher is studying chromosomal disorders. What part of the human cell would
they be interested in?
2. Which of these body cells has the greatest number of mitochondria?
A) Tibia bone cells
1. A 32-year-old female patient is admitted to the floor with a superinfection. Her orders
read tigecycline (Tygacil) 100 mg IV followed by 50 mg IV every 12 hours infused over
30 to 60 minutes for five days. What would be important for the nurse to educa
1. A public health nurse is speaking to a group of first grader's parents. When discussing
worm infection, the nurse will explain that the most common type found in American
school age children is which of the following?
1. A high school student starts vomiting and goes to the school nurse. The student asks the
nurse what part of his brain makes him vomit. What will the nurse tell the student must
be stimulated in order for vomiting to occur?
A) Chemoreceptor trigger zone
1. Your patient is having an acute malarial attack with chills and fever. You know that the
chills and fever are caused by what?
A) Formation of sporozoites into the system
B) Rupture of merozoites into the red blood cells
C) Invasion of the tsetse fly in
1. A patient with suspected Cushing's disease comes to the clinic. What releasing hormone
is used to diagnose Cushing's disease?
A) Corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH)
B) Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)
C) Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
1. Which of the following releasing hormones stimulates the release of the folliclestimulating hormone (LH) from both male and female glands?
A) Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)
B) Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)
C) Gonadotropin-releasing hormo
1. Which of the following accurately defines hypnosis?
A) A extreme state of sedation in which the person no longer senses or reacts to
B) A state of tranquility
C) A feeling of tension, nervousness, apprehension, or fear
D) A loss of awa
1. A patient is admitted to the ED in shock. Isoproterenol (Isuprel) is administered. What
would the nurse expect the effect of the isoproterenol (Isuprel) to be?
A) Increased blood pressure
B) Decreased blood pressure
C) Increased body temperature
1. An insulin dependent diabetic is having trouble with hypoglycemia late in the morning.
During the health history the nurse becomes aware of the most likely cause. What would
cause the late morning hypoglycemia?
A) The patient likes to nap when he comes
1. A nurse working in radiology administers iodine to a patient who is having a CAT scan.
The nurse working on the oncology unit administers chemotherapy to patients who have
cancer. At the Public Health Department, a nurse administers an MMR to a 14-mont
1. The body's first line barrier defense is considered to be what?
A) Mast cells
B) Mucous membranes
2. Which of the following patients has lost a barrier defense that renders him high risk for
A) A 68-year-old male who has p
1. The nursing instructor is discussing immunity with her clinical group. What statement
would the instructor make that would be an accurate statement concerning immunity?
A) Active immunity occurs when antibodies are injected into the body and react with
1. A group of nursing students are doing a poster on the heart. What structure would they
label as separating the right half of the heart from the left?
B) Bundle of His
2. A nurse is caring for a patient who has experienc
1. A nurse has admitted a 10-year-old to the short-stay unit. The child has complained of
chronic headaches and his mother reports that she gives him Tylenol at least twice a day.
Which of the following will the nurse evaluate?
A) Renal function
1. A patient comes to the clinic with what appears to be a cold. What group of upper
respiratory drugs cause local vasoconstriction, which decreases blood flow and shrinks
swollen membranes to improve air flow?
1. Which hormone regulates the production and release of thyroid hormone?
A) Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)
B) Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
2. A child is diagnosed with hypothyroidism. The nurse knows th
1. The nursing instructor is talking with their students about the renal system. What would
the instructor tell the students about the renal system and how it helps maintain calcium
levels in the body by regulating the activation of what?
A) Vitamin A
1. A 70-year-old male is being treated for COPD with theophylline (Theo-Dur). What will
be a priority assessment by the nurse?
A) Ingestion of fatty foods
C) Activity level
D) Use of nicotine
2. A 6-year-old child weighing 52 pounds has had a lo
1. A nurse is planning patient teaching about a newly prescribed drug for her patient.
What would the nurse know to include in the teaching to help improve patient
compliance and safety?
A) List of pharmacies where the drug can be obtained
B) Measures to
1. The central nervous system (CNS) cells, where the impulses for the sympathetic
nervous system (SNS) originate, are located where?
A) Cranium and sacral area of the spinal cord
B) Hypothalamus and the medulla
C) Nerve membranes
D) Thoracic and lumbar se
1. A student asks the pharmacology instructor to explain the action of anticholinergic
agents. What would be the instructor's best response?
A) They block nicotinic receptors
B) They compete with serotonin for muscarinic acetylcholine receptor sites
1. A nurse is caring for an adolescent with hypogonadism who has been prescribed
fluoxymesterone (Androxy) for replacement. What adverse effect of this drug will the
nurse alert the patient to that could cause self-esteem concerns?
1. A patient is admitted to the hospital with deep vein thrombosis. Heparin 10,000 units is
administered Sub-Q. Which of the following drugs should always be available in the
pharmacy if the patient begins to bleed?
A) Antithrombin (Thrombate III)
1. One of the neurotransmitters can become decreased in the area of the corpus striatum.
This results in the manifestations of Parkinson's disease. Which neurotransmitter will
A) Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)
1. A female patient has called the clinic to talk with the nurse about oral contraceptives.
What assessment data would the nurse know is a contraindication to these drugs?
A) Decreased appetite
C) Occasional headaches
D) Calf tenderness
1. A patient has been diagnosed with hairy cell leukemia. The patient is to begin taking
Interferon alfa-2b. What will the nurse include in her instructions to the patient
concerning this drug?
A) Avoid drinking alcohol while taking the drug
B) Continue t
1. A patient presents to the Emergency Department (ED) with rales, wheezing, and bloodtinged sputum. The nurse suspects the patient is in congestive heart failure (CHF). What
would the nurse suspect the patient is experiencing?