Chapter 5- Notes
How swing differs from early jazz:
Preferred instrumentation for swing was big band.
Saxophones were more common in swing
Bass viol appeared more often in swing
High hat cymbals were used more
Collective improvisations was rare in swing.
I Interviewed: Melina Pierre
(friend, mother, father, etc.)
During what decade or range of
years were you a teenager?
Personal favorite artist when you
were a teenager?
Favorite style of music as a
Swing Era vs. Bebop Period
The Swing Era photograph shows a larger band playing different instruments than the
instruments being used in the Bebop period photograph. One of the Swing Era musicians is seen
playing the drums, while the Bebop musicians are p
Chapter 2- Notes
Open your ears:
Hearing the improvised lines of a jazz soloist as melodies in
themselves should help you enjoy much of jazz
Listening imagine layers of sound, one on top of another,
all moving forward in time. Each layer can represent the
leading pianist-composer-bandleader in hard bop.
composed catchy themes and arranged them for quintets
His music swung with an appealing crispness and bounce.
original and substantial trumpet style
best known of the so called free jazz musicians who improvised without
the following preset chord progressions
Sax style influenced numerous avant-garde musicians of the 60s, 70s, and
pianist, composer, and
The birth of Bebop:
Modern jazz became a recognizable sound in the 1940s
It developed gradually through the work of swing-era musicians.
Bebop is the name of the first modern jazz style.
How Bebop differs from swing style:
Different meanings as how it makes them feel.
2 aspects: Improvisation & swing feeling
-Improvisation (ad lib or jam)
Decorate a tune by changing some of its rhythms or adding
notes to it.
Effect of making you
a pianist, composer, and bandleader.
West coast Jazz- the jazz style associated with Dave Brubeck, Paul
Desmond, Gerry Mulligan, and Chet Baker.
began by learning the work of the great masters.
Leading alto sax
Jazz originated from brass band and ragtime.
Ragtime- a popular turn-of-the-20th century style of written
piano music involving pronounced syncopation
Blues- a style of African American song.
Pitch bend- A purposeful raising or
Chapter 4- Notes
A new style:
Each performance was improvised.
Rhythmic feeling was looser and more relaxed, thus
anticipating jazz swing feeling.
It generated much of its own repertory of compositions.
Collective improvisation created a more complex musi
also named as Jazz-rock
share similar roots to gospel music, work songs, and the blues.
emphasizes vocals and stick largely to simple compositional form such as
the 4 chord, 12-bar blues and other brief chord progressions that repe
Billie Holiday and Ella Fitzgerald were friends and influential singers of the Swing Era. Each singer possessed a unique
musical style that continues to be emulated by todays jazz singers. Listen to Billie Holidays Back in Your Own Back Yard
and Ella Fitz