Types of pain: Acute, chronic, somatic, visceral, superficial, vascular, referred
Opioid Agonist Antagonist
Bind to opiate receptor in CNS,
periphery and GI tract= analgesia,
sedation and sense of
DRUGS FOR COAGULATION DISORDERS
Decrease formation of platelet plug.
Interfere with coagulation process by
interfering with clotting cascade.
Activates plasminogen to plasmin to
Block Ach and histamine
receptors Correct the imbalance
of concentrations of serotonin
Inhibit MAO that normally
Inhibit the neural reuptake of
serotonin allowing m
F&E and O2 test review:
1: know normal electrolyte values, assessment, and nursing interventions of each:
Sodium (Na): 135-145 mEq/L, maintains blood volume and electrolyte balance.
o Hyponatremia: Na <135 mEq/L: H2O moves out of vascular space to t
Phases of perioperative period:
Preoperative phase: Begins with decision to have surgery.
Ends when client is transferred to the operating table.
Nursing interventions include:
-Assessing the patient
-Identifying actual and/or potential