How we classify speech sounds:
Phonetics needed to describe differences in speech sounds.
Phonemes(the sounds)can possibly occur in 3 places in the
1) Initial Position first sound you hear.
2) Medial Position Middle of word
3) Final Positi
- 2 letter/phonemes that form 1 sound
- food /u/
- could /
- toe /o/
- jaw /
- British aunt (not responsible for this
one) produced by shifting body of tong
blend/cluster When two consonants occur right next to each
other ex. br, sl, fl, bl
ch / is not a cluster/blend because it is one
sound. A blend might also be 3 consonants. ex. str in
cluster reduction is a common problem in children.
Air stream only partially blocked by articulators.
All fricatives are obstruents (have some blockage
of air stream) there is a friction like sound
Factual information on central vowels will be on
Syllable, Stress, and Intonation
Syllables can be formed by either a solitary vowel
or diphthong with one or more consonants.
are different types of syllables formed by various
The language one speaks and the variation of the
language one speaks are not products of biology.
(Vietnamese baby adopted and lives in the US will
speak English). Within a country such as the US we
encounter speakers who use American English, b
When a word is pronounced carefully, as a single
item, it is spoken in citation form.
The identity of a word spoken in citation form may
differ from the same word spoken in connected
speech. Connected speech results from joining two
or more word
LCCIurC 7 wij\wgﬂbody.maianinbottomﬁparent. 5 . . .‘?9856925 82+lcctul‘CO 71’lcclur607.h tm+BODY
Liguids, G1ides and Latera1s
a! Ir! M a; (mm)
1]! and M! are 'vewe'I-er g'lides
3i! is sim'i'lar to high frent vewe'l ﬂ
am! is simiiar t0 back hig
Bilabials are earliest sounds.
as well 9 mixing up speech so
Delayed s. Deviant Articulation
Delayed rticulation refers to following the normal
sequence of development, but at a slower rate. The
ed is less mature t