Germination Development of the plant embryo into a seedling.
Dormancy (sleeping) A period of reduced metabolism and growth. In seeds,
the plant embryo is inactive. (a survival adaptation assured by lowering water content.)
MENDEL'S EXPERIMENTS (Austrian monk, born 1822)
- Experimented with garden peas and studied the inheritance pattern of seven traits
(seed shape, seed color, seed coat color, pod shape, pod color, flower position, plant height)
- Used purebred plants (cont
Krebs Cycle (Citric Acid Cycle)
- It occurs in the matrix of the mitochondrion
- It is the process in which pyruvic acid is broken down in a series of
- Coenzyme A (CoA) forms an unstable bond with acetic acid
making a very r
Benthic: Refers to being on the bottom of a lake.
Littoral Zone: The shallow, highly productive area along the shoreline of a lake or
pond. Sunlight extends to bottom of the lake in this zone allowing rooted aquatic
plants grow. This zone has h
Form of active transport where 3 sodium ions are moved out of the
cell and 2 potassium ions are pumped into the cell both against the
concentration gradient (requires ATP accounts for 30% of the energy
used by an animal when it is at
CELL MEMBRANE NOTES
- It is called a Fluid Mosaic Model because it is made
of several types of molecules that move relatively freely.
- It consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer.
phosphate heads They are polar and hydrophilic oriented toward the aq
Water Privatization Debate Summary
Pros (water is a commodity)
Water would be priced closer to
its true market value and give
people an incentive to conserve
water. (supply and demand)
Often the companies are
responsible for maintaining the
HUMAN GENOME PROJECT
- Map the entire base sequence of every chromosome in the human cell
- Identify all the genes in the base sequence
- Determine what proteins the genes code for
- Determine the exact role of each gene (and protein)
AEROBIC VERSUS ANAEROBIC EXERCISE
ENERGY SOURCES FOR EXERCISE
- Reserve ATP in your muscles (a few seconds worth)
- ATP from aerobic respiration
- ATP from lactic acid fermentation
- Involves short, intense bursts of activity
- The in
Robert Hooke (1665) English scientist that used the microscope to look at cork.
He named the structures that he saw cells.
He observed the cell walls of dead cork.
Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1674+) He built many microscopes; sometimes called t
WATER POLLUTION TERMS
Biological Magnification The increasing concentration of a harmful, and
usually toxic, substance as it moves up the food chain. The toxins tend to
be stored in the fatty tissues of the animal.
Ex. DDT was 400x more concentrated in to
CONCEPTS: Summarized from From The Surface Down (Broderson, William D.)
Soil forming processes
Describe how the five soil forming factors affect the development of soil
Parent Material The unconsolidate
Scientific Method A logical and orderly approach to solving a problem.
There are several important steps that are included in this process:
Define the problem - Asks a specific question. It is important to narrow the scope
of the problem during this step.
Characteristics of Life
Cellular Basis of Life :
- Living things are organized out of basic structural units called cells (smallest living units)
- Cells can organized into more complex structures in multicellular organisms:
DNA STRUCTURE AND REPLICATION
Leading Strand The DNA strand that replicates in the direction that follows the movement
of the replication fork. (continuous synthesis occurs).
Lagging Strand The DNA strand that replicates in the direction opposite the move
Project will be submitted in two parts 1st part due 11/16/10 and final project due 11/22/10.
(must submit a hard copy and e-mail me a copy also)
Groups of Three - pick your own groups - no complaints later - choose carefully
It will count a
- The C-4 pathway refers to a series of reactions that have evolved in plants that
live in hot, dry (arid) climates.
- The C-4 pathway occurs immediately before the Calvin cycle and provides an
alternate method for carbon fixation.
- It is nec
* Potential of hydrogen: it is a measure of the amount H+ ions (or H3O+ ions) in a solution
* In a neutral pH (7), the number of H+ ions equals the number of OH- ions.
* The concentration of H+ ions in pure water is 1 x 10-7 Moles per
Primary Treatment This process involves the screening, skimming, and settling of debris.
Skimming helps remove grease, oil, plastic, soap, and floating objects. Screening removes
large objects such as wood and rocks which are sent to lan
SOUTHERN BLOTTING (HYBRIDIZATION)
- Named after the person who developed the technique Ed Southern
- Based on the ability of a DNA strand to seek out and bind to
its complementary sequence
- Uses an alkaline solution (NaOH) to denature the DNA into single