Unit #6 United States History
EL PASO / SANTA FE
The two largest Spanish settlements in what is today
the United States
One factor that discouraged Hispanic settlement of
New Mexico was the threat of war with nomadic
Native Americans in t
1) GI Bill of Rights provided education and training for veterans, paid for by the federal
government. Just over half the returning soldiers, or about 7.8 million veterans, attended
colleges and technical schools under the GI Bill. The act also provided f
1) Forman was part of the counterculture a movement made up mostly of white, middle-class college youths
who had grown disillusioned with the war in Vietnam and injustices in America during the 1960s. Instead of
challenging the system, they turned their b
1. Most African Americans, Native Americans, and Latinos in the cities had to live in dirty,
crowded slums. One proposed solution to the housing problem in inner cities was urban
renewal. The National Housing Act of 1949 was passed to provide a decent hom
Nationalism is a devotion to the interests and culture of ones nation.
Militarism is the development of armed forces and their use as a tool of diplomacy.
The Triple Entente known as the Allies, consisted of France, Britain, and
1) The militarys work force needs were so great that Army Chief of Staff General George
Marshall pushed for the formation of a Womens Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC).
2) The law gave the WAACs an official status and salary but few of the benefits granted to
1) Some films made during the 1930s offered pure escape from the hard realities of the
Depression by presenting visions of wealth, romance, and good times. Perhaps the most
famous film of the era, and one of the most popular of all time, was Gone With the
1) John F. Kennedy became the 35th president of the United States. He issued a challenge
to the American people. He said that the world was in its hour of maximum danger, as
Cold War tensions ran high. Rather than shrinking from the danger, the United Sta
1) Many white-collar workers performed their services in large corporations or government
agencies. Some of these corporations continued expanding by forming conglomerates. A
conglomerate is a major corporation that includes a number of smaller companies
In September 1940, Americans were jolted by the news that Germany, Italy, and Japan
had signed a mutual defense treaty, the Tripartite Pact. The three nations became
known as the Axis powers.
Britain had no more cash to spend in the arsenal
1. The market system does not provide all of the goods and services needed by society.
People are often willing to buy products only if they acquire the right to exclusive use of
- 2. The market system does not adequately provide the needs
Chapter 1: Economics:The Basic Questions
Economics: The study of scarcity and choice
- No one can afford everything at the same time instead they satisfy as many of their
wants with available resources.
- Economists refer to wants as GOODS or SERVICES.
- Entrepreneurship describes the process by which individuals create new enterprises or
improve existing ones
The Fundamental Questions of economics
- Society must distribute its resources to get the most of its money.
Economists are professionals who study the ways society allocates its resources to
satisfy its wants.
Microeconomics vs. Macroeconomics
- Microeconomics is the study of the effects of economic forces on individual parts of the
economy like business firm
Chapter 10: The Union in Peril
Secession: the formal withdrawal of a state from the Union.
Compromise of 1850: Henry Clay after gaining support from mass. senator Daniel Webster,
compromise contained provisions to appease Northerners as we
Chapter 9: Expanding Markets and Moving West
Samuel F.B. Morse: Invented the telegraph.
Specialization: This specialization is the basis of global trade as few countries produce enough
goods to be completely self-sufficient.
Telegraph: a system for transm
1) In November of 1968, Richard M. Nixon had just been elected president of the United States. He
chose Henry Kissinger to be his special adviser on foreign affairs. During Nixons second term in
1972, the United States struggled to achieve an acceptable p
1) At the time of the Japanese invasion in December 1941, General Douglas MacArthur
was in command of Allied forces on the islands. When American and Filipino forces
found themselves with their backs to the wall on Bataan, President Roosevelt ordered
1. Queen Liliuokalani knew her reign had to come to an end in Hawaii when more than 160
U.S sailors and marines stood ready to aid the haoles who planned to overthrow the
2. Imperialism is the policy in which stronger nations extend the
1) The problem facing African Americans in the North was de facto segregation segregation that
exists by practice and custom.
2) De facto segregation can be harder to fight than de jure segregation, or segregation by law,
because eliminating it requires c
1. Compared with other mass media which is means of communication that reach large
audiences television developed with lightning speed.
2. By 1956, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) the government agency that
regulates and licenses television, t
1) Churchill and Roosevelt didnt think the Allies had enough troops to attempt an invasion
on European soil. Instead, they launched Operation Torch, an invasion of Axis-controlled
North Africa, commanded by American General Dwight D. Eisenhower.
2) The Al
1) In 1938, Houston placed a team of his best law students under the direction of Thurgood
Marshall. Over the next 23 years, Marshall and his NAACP lawyers would win 29 out of 32 cases
argued before the Supreme Court.
2) Marshalls most stunning victory ca
1. In 1896 African American women founded the NACW which is the National Colored
Women which had a goal to spread moral education of their race. They also managed
nurseries, reading rooms and kindergartens.
2. Suffrage is
1) Warren G. Harding was described as a good-natured man who looked like a president
ought to look. When the silver-haired Ohio senator assumed the presidency in 1921, the
public yearned for what Harding described as norma
1) The 18th amendment launched the era known as Prohibition, during which the
manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages were legally prohibited.
2) To obtain liquor illegally, drinkers went underground t
1) nativism is having a prejudice against foreign-born people and this feeling swept the
nation after the war.
2) Isolationism is a policy of pulling away from involvements in world affairs.
3) One perceived threat to Amer
1. The progressive movement was aimed to restore economic opportunities and correct
injustices In American life and was pushed by reformers.
2. Florence Kelley was an advocate for improving
Americas most beloved hero of the time wasnt an athlete but a small-town pilot named
Charles A. Lindbergh, who made the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic. A
handsome, modest Minnesotan, Lin
1) For two decades, Chinese Communists had struggled against the nationalist
government of Chiang Kai-shek. The United States supported Chiang. Between 1945
and 1949, the American government sent the Nationalists approximately $3 billion in aid.
2) the Co
1. Carrie Chapman Catt was the NAWSAs president and called an emergency suffrage
convention and invited President Wilson. Within four years the the suffrage amendment
2. The Clayton Antitrust Act was meant to strengthen the Sherman Antitrust A
1) The Indochinese Communist Party, founded in 1930, staged a number of revolts under the
leadership of Ho Chi Minh. Although the French condemned Ho Chi Minh to death for his
rebellious activity, he fled Vietnam and orchestrated Vietnams growing independ
1) By the time Lyndon Baines Johnson, or LBJ, as he was called, succeeded to the
presidency, his ambition and drive had become legendary.
2) In August 1964, Congress enacted the Economic Opportunity Act (EOA), approving
nearly $1 billion for youth program
1. Gifford pinchot was the head of the U.S Forest Service under President Roosevelt and
he believed that wilderness areas could be scientifically managed to yield public
enjoyment while allowing private developments.
2. William Howard Taft was handpicked