HW victory and defeat in Greek World
1A) Marathon- a place north of Athens where the Persians arrived to fight with the Athenians.
1B) Themistocles- Athenian leader who knew the victory at Marathon had brought temporary
lull in the fighting.
1C) Delian Le
HW: rise of Greek city states
A) Solon- wise and trusted leader of Athens. He outlawed debt slavery and freed those who
were already sold into slavery for debt. Opened high offices to citizens and encouraged
exports of wine and olive oil.
HW early people of the Aegean
A) Polis- Greek city states
B) Acropolis- high city that stood on a hilltop with temples dedicated to Gods and
C) Monarchy- a government in which kings or queens exercise central power.
D) Aristocracy- rule
HW kingdoms of the Ganges
A) Vedas- a collection of prayers hymns and other religious teachings that the Aryans left.
B) Brahmins- the priests in the Aryan society.
C) Kshatriyas- warriors in the Aryan society.
D) Viasyas- herders, farmers, arti
HW invaders, traders, and empire builders
D) Nebuchadnezzar an aggressive and ruthless king who revived the power of
Babylon. His new Babylonian Empire stretched from the Persian Gulf to the
Mediterranean Sea. He rebuilt the canals, temples, w
HW powerful empires of Indian peninsula
1) joint family- a basic unit that includes parents, children, grandchildren, uncles,
and their offspring who shared a common dwelling
2) patriarchal- an Indian household that is headed by the father or the o
HW Zhou and Chinese school of thought
D) Zhou- group of people who overthrown the Shang dynasty in 1027 B.C. and set up the
Zhou Dynasty, which lasted until 256 B.C.
E) Mandate of heaven- the idea of divine right to rule promoted by the Zhou.
F) Book of s
HW Buddhism and Hinduism
Siddhartha Gautama- founded the religion Buddhism.
Four Noble Truths- teachings of Buddhism.
All life is full of suffering, pain and sorrow.
The cause of suffering is the desire for things that are really illusions.
HW understanding the past PARTI
A) Prehistory -the long period of time before systems of writing came into
B) Archaeologist - scientists who find and examine physical remains left by early
C) Artifact objects made by human bei
HW Sumerian Cities
A) The Epic of Gilgamesh one of the oldest works of literature in the world.
This poem tells the story of a hero named Gilgamesh. It was filled with
supernatural events and figures.
A) Ziggurat pyramid temples that
HW Egyptian Civilization
A) Osiris an Egyptian god who had ruled Egypt until he was killed by his brother Set.
B) Isis the Egyptian goddess who is the wife of Osiris.
C) Amon Re the sun god of Egypt who was the chief of all gods.
HW beginnings of civilization I
A) Bureaucracy a system of managing government through departments run by
B) Polytheistic people who believe in many gods are polytheistic.
C) Artisan artisans are skilled craft workers who mad