b. Rational Objectivism
a. (+/-) good/evil vs. the idea of chaos
The Origin of Justice Written by Nietzsche
a. Prevents us from primal inclinations of violence.
b. Deters people from com
Aim: What is ethic?
HW#1: Find an article that deals with an ethical question. Summarize the article with 3
paragraphs, state what the problem is, resolution, why is there a concern, whats
Reason- the idea of a rational min
i. Trust in Mankind
ii. Subjective vs. Objective (Detail of Events)
iii. Perception of Truth
v. Portrayal of Shame
vi. Human nature (good vs. evil)
vii. Societal/Traditional Roles of Men and Women
a. Chapter I
All governments are either republics or princedoms
All princedoms are heredity or new
New princedoms are either newly conquered or gained by
hereditary inherited title
Those acquired lands were either ruled by a prin
Review for The Prince
Types of Principalities
a. Hereditary Principality is the safest regime, easiest to maintain
b. Civil Principality is good, but not as good as hereditary.
c. Hereditary is chosen by one, Civil is chosen by the many
d. Mixed Princi
State is the most natural kind of government, existing prior to existence of families.
1. How would you describe Aristotles overall theory of education?
a. Citizens should be molded and educated suited to their own form of
government which he liv
Aim: How does the dialog Euthyphro explain the problem with definitions?
Reading of Euthyphro
Why is Socrates being brought to Trial?
a. Corruption of Youth, Neologian creator of Gods
Euthyphro attempts to prosecute his own father
a. On th
Guided Questions for reading
a. What are the main charges against Socrates?
"Socrates is an evil-doer, and a curious person, who searches into
things under the earth and in heaven, and he makes the worse appear
the better cause; and he teac
Topics for the Test:
1. Ethical Subjectivism
2. Ethical Egoism
a. Plato Myth of Gyges
3. Rational Objectivism
a. Ayn Rand
i. Selfishness vs. Altruism
4. Cultural/Ethical Relativism
a. The idea of Relativism
a. Divine Command Theory/R
Aim: What is Ayn Rands ethical theory?
a. Born in the USSR, went to the US
a.i. Rational objectivism
According to the moral rights of society, not by whims etc.
a.ii. Opposite of utilitarianism